Managing Fever After Immunisation
Common side effects following immunisation are usually mild and temporary . Specific treatment is not usually required.
There are a number of treatment options that can reduce the side effects of the vaccine such as giving extra fluids to drink and not overdressing if there is a fever.
Although routine use of paracetamol after vaccination is not recommended, if fever is present, paracetamol can be given check the label for the correct dose or speak with your pharmacist, especially when giving paracetamol to children.
You May Like: Is Hepatitis C Sexually Transmitted Disease
How Do You Catch Hepatitis B Virus
Blood from a person infected with hepatitis B virus is heavily contaminated with the virus. As a result, contact with blood is the most likely way to catch hepatitis B. Even casual contact with the blood of someone who is infected can cause infection.
Healthcare workers are at high risk of catching the disease, as are intravenous drug users and newborns of mothers infected with the virus. Sexual contact can also expose people to infection. The virus is also present in low levels in saliva.
More Information On Side Effects
Reactions listed under âpossible side effectsâ or âadverse eventsâ on vaccine product information sheets may not all be directly linked to the vaccine. See Vaccine side effects and adverse reactions for more information on why this is the case.
If you are concerned about any reactions that occur after vaccination, consult your doctor. In the UK you can report suspected vaccine side effects to the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency through the Yellow Card Scheme
Don’t Miss: How To Get Rid Of Hepatitis B
What If I Have Already Been Exposed To Hepatitis B
If you have already been exposed to hepatitis B, it is important to get tested as soon as possible so that you can receive treatment if necessary. There is no specific cure for hepatitis B, but there are treatments that can help to manage the virus and reduce the risk of serious complications. In many cases, exposure to hepatitis B will result in lifelong infection, but the good news is that most people who are infected do not experience any symptoms. Even if you do not have any symptoms, it is still important to get tested so that you can be monitored for liver damage and other complications. With early diagnosis and treatment, you can minimize the impact of hepatitis B on your health. At DoctorOnCall, we do offer health screening packages for the hepatitis virus.
What Are The Side Effects Of The Vaccine
The most common side effects of the vaccine are soreness and redness at the injection site. Other potential side effects may include fever, headache, and muscle aches. However, these side effects are typically mild and resolve within a few days. more serious reactions to the vaccine are very rare. If you experience any severe side effects after receiving the vaccine, you should seek medical attention immediately. Remember, the benefits of the vaccine far outweigh the risks. In addition to protecting yourself from the virus, you will also be helping to protect others by getting vaccinated.
Read Also: How Much Are Hepatitis B Shots
How Are Cvs Pharmacy And Minuteclinic Different
At CVS Pharmacy, vaccinations for adolescents through seniors are administered by a certified immunizing pharmacist. Age and state restrictions apply.* No appointment necessary.
At MinuteClinic, vaccinations for children through seniors are administered by a medical provider. View wait times and schedule a visit online, or walk in anytime.
CVS Pharmacy and MinuteClinic are also at Target
Before Taking This Medicine
Hepatitis B vaccine will not protect against infection with hepatitis A, C, and E, or other viruses that affect the liver. It may also not protect against hepatitis B if you are already infected with the virus, even if you do not yet show symptoms.
You should not receive this vaccine if you have ever had a life-threatening allergic reaction to any vaccine containing hepatitis B, or if you are allergic to yeast.
If you have any of these other conditions, your vaccine may need to be postponed or not given at all:
Read Also: Signs And Symptoms Of Hepatitis C
Side Effects Of Hepatitis B Vaccines
Immunisations containing components to protect against hepatitis B are effective and safe, although all medication can have unwanted side effects.
Side effects from the vaccine are uncommon and usually mild, but may include:
- Localised pain, redness and swelling at the injection site.
- Low-grade temperature .
- In children being unsettled, irritable, tearful, generally unhappy, drowsy and tired.
- Occasionally, an injection-site lump that may last many weeks, but for which treatment is not needed.
What Are The Side Effects Of Hepatitis B Vaccine
Like all medicines, vaccines can cause side effects, although not everyone gets them.
|Did you know that you can report a side effect to a medicine to CARM ? Report a side effect to a product
Don’t Miss: Causes Of Hepatitis C Infection
Workplace Drug And Alcohol Testing Programs
One of the most important decisions a non-DOT regulated business can make is to implement a comprehensive drug testing and drug-free workplace program and policy for their business. With the proper drug and alcohol testing program in place, as an employer, you are protected from liability situations through the drug testing program.
Employee drug testing is legal in all states, but the programs must follow federal and state laws in order to be compliant. We know the different laws in every state and will put together a program and policy for your business that conforms to all federal and state laws that apply.
Important Information About Vaccine And Hepatitis B Immunoglobulin Shot Administration
Where available, the hepatitis B birth-dose and HBIG should be administered within 24 hours of birth in order to prevent the transmission of hepatitis B from mother to child. It is very important that the shots be given in opposite limbs, to ensure the highest effectiveness. Please see chart above for more information.
Don’t Miss: How Do You Get Hepatitis B Virus
For Adults And Children
This vaccine schedule involves three doses within 2 months, followed by a booster dose at 1 year.
The initial accelerated doses provide immediate protection from HBV, and the booster dose helps provide long-term protection.
Below is the accelerated vaccination schedule approved for both adults and children:
|2 months after the first dose
|1 year after the first dose
Possible Side Effects Of Hepatitis B Vaccination
You may experience minor side effects following vaccination. Most reactions are mild and last no more than a couple of days and you will recover without any problems.
Common side effects of hepatitis B vaccines include:
- pain, redness and swelling at injection site
- occasionally an injection-site lump
Talk to your vaccination provider about possible side effects of hepatitis B vaccines, or if you or your child have possible side effects that worry you.
The Consumer Medicine Information available on the Therapeutic Goods Administration website lists the ingredients and side effects of each vaccine.
Learn more about the possible side effects of vaccination.
You May Like: Acute Hepatitis B Treatment Guidelines
Immunisation Against Hepatitis B For Children
Vaccination is the best protection against hepatitis B infection and is recommended for all infants and young children, adolescents and those in high-risk groups. Vaccination can be with a vaccine against hepatitis B alone or with a combination vaccine.
Protection against hepatitis B is available free of charge under the National Immunisation Program Schedule.
In Victoria, vaccination against hepatitis B is free for all babies and children including:
- Babies at birth vaccinate with hepatitis B vaccine as soon as possible after birth.
- Babies at 2, 4 and 6 months immunisation in the form of a diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, hepatitis B, polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine .
- Premature babies at 12 months premature babies born under 32 weeks gestation or under 2,000g birth weight receive a single booster dose.
- Children up to and including 20 years of age.
Hepatitis A And B Vaccines At Sutter Walk
Your liver is one of the hardest working organs in your body. To help keep it healthy throughout your life, Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B vaccinations are strongly recommended.
Sutter Walk-In Care offers Hepatitis A and B vaccinations for those 18 years and older. No appointment necessary. Our care team is ready to answer any questions you may have.
Don’t Miss: How Is Hepatitis C Treated
Hepatitis A And B Vaccine Side Effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives difficult breathing swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Keep track of any and all side effects you have after receiving this vaccine. When you receive a booster dose, you will need to tell the doctor if the previous shot caused any side effects.
You should not receive a booster vaccine if you had a life-threatening allergic reaction after the first shot.
You may feel faint after receiving this vaccine. Some people have had seizure like reactions after receiving this vaccine. Your doctor may want you to remain under observation during the first 15 minutes after the injection.
Hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine may cause serious side effects. Call your doctor at once if you have:
numbness, pain, tingling, weakness, burning or prickly feeling, vision or hearing problems, trouble breathing
red or blistering skin rash or
easy bruising or bleeding .
Common side effects of hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine may include:
redness or tenderness where the shot was given
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report vaccine side effects to the US Department of Health and Human Services at 1-800-822-7967.
Beyond Flu Shots A Guide To Immunizations You Need
Flu season is here, and there are many reasons why you should get a flu shot if you havent already. Hundreds of thousands of Americans are hospitalized because of the flu every year, and tens of thousands die from the virus.
The flu shot is the best way to avoid getting infected, said Elizabeth Hart, DO, MBA, who is a family medicine physician at Tyrone Rural Health Center.
The flu shot isnt the only immunization you may need, however. There are many essential and lifesaving vaccines that both children and adults need to stay healthy and to protect those around them from becoming ill.
Certain groups of people, such as those who are too young or whose immune system cannot tolerate vaccines, rely on herd immunity to protect themselves, said Joanna R. Swauger, DO, a family medicine physician at Penn Highlands Family Practice in Rostraver Township.
Herd immunity is when enough people get vaccinated against a specific disease that the chances of it spreading from person to person decrease, making the entire community safer and less likely to become overwhelmed with infection.
What vaccinations do children need?
Every parent should talk to their childs primary care physician about the proper immunization schedule. Here is a list of the basic vaccinations most children and adolescents need:
Dtap/Tdap vaccines protect against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis
Hib vaccine protects against influenza type B
Hepatitis A and B
IPV protects against polio
Don’t Miss: My Husband Has Hepatitis B Can I Get It
How Is This Vaccine Given
This vaccine is given as an injection into a muscle. You will receive this injection in a doctor’s office or other clinic setting.
The hepatitis A and B vaccine is given in a series of 3 shots. The booster shots are given 1 month and 6 months after the first shot.
If you have a high risk of hepatitis infection, you may be given 3 shots within 30 days, and a fourth shot 12 months after the first.
Your individual booster schedule may be different from these guidelines. Follow your doctor’s instructions or the schedule recommended by the health department of the state you live in.
What Other Drugs Will Affect Hepatitis A And B Vaccine
Before receiving this vaccine, tell the doctor about all other vaccines you have recently received.
Also tell the doctor if you have recently received drugs or treatments that can weaken the immune system, including:
medicines to treat or prevent organ transplant rejection.
If you are using any of these medications, you may not be able to receive the vaccine, or may need to wait until the other treatments are finished.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect hepatitis A and B vaccine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.
Don’t Miss: How Long Does Hepatitis Vaccine Last
Can I Get Hepatitis B From The Vaccine
Also, the hepatitis B vaccine is given as an injection into the muscle, so it cannot enter the bloodstream and cause infection. There have been many studies conducted on the safety of the hepatitis B vaccine, and all have shown that it is safe and effective and it cannot cause hepatitis B infection.
Why Is The Hepatitis B Vaccine Important
Because of the vaccine, cases of acute hepatitis B have decreased by a lot in the United States. But chronic hepatitis B is still common up to 2.2 million people in the United States have it. Chronic hepatitis B can lead to serious liver problems and even death.
Getting vaccinated is the best way to prevent hepatitis B.
Hepatitis B is a liver disease caused by a virus. There are 2 types of hepatitis B:
- Acute hepatitis B
- Chronic hepatitis B
Many children who get acute hepatitis B dont have any symptoms, but most adults do. Symptoms may include:
- Dark pee or clay-colored poop
- Pain in the muscles, joints, and stomach
Acute hepatitis B symptoms usually last a few weeks but they can last as long as 6 months.
If the acute hepatitis B infection does not go away after 6 months, its considered a chronic hepatitis B infection. Most people who have chronic hepatitis B dont have symptoms at first. But chronic hepatitis B is a lifelong illness that can lead to serious and possibly deadly liver problems, like:
- Has sex with a person who has hepatitis B
- Touches the blood or open sores of a person who has hepatitis B
All children and most adults need to get the hepatitis B vaccine.
Infants and children
All children need to get the hepatitis B vaccine as part of their routine vaccine schedule.
Children need 3 doses of the vaccine at the following ages:
- Birth for the first dose
- 1 through 2 months for the second dose
- 6 through 18 months for the third dose
Also Check: Hiv Is The Cause Of Hepatitis B
Do The Benefits Of The Hepatitis B Vaccine Outweigh Its Risks
Every year in the United States about 2,000 people die following an overwhelming hepatitis B virus infection. In addition, every year about 22,000 people are infected with hepatitis B. Some of them will remain chronically infected, putting them at high risk of the long-term consequences of hepatitis B virus infection: cirrhosis and liver cancer. In fact, with the exception of influenza and COVID-19 viruses, hepatitis B virus causes more severe disease and death in the United States than any other vaccine-preventable disease. On the other hand, the hepatitis B vaccine is an extremely rare cause of a severe allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. To date, no one has died from this reaction, but it is theoretically possible that this could occur.
Because hepatitis B virus is a common cause of severe disease and death in the United States, and because the hepatitis B vaccine does not cause permanent damage or death, the benefits of the hepatitis B vaccine clearly outweigh its risks.
Other Reported Adverse Events And Conditions
While serious events and chronic illnesses such as chronic fatigue syndrome, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis and sudden infant death syndrome have been alleged or reported following HB vaccination, no evidence of a causal association has been demonstrated in a number of studies.
Also Check: How To Manage Hepatitis B
Read Also: How To Get Hepatitis C
How Is The Hepatitis B Vaccine Given
The hepatitis B vaccine is given as an injection into a muscle. It is usually given in three separate doses over a six-month period. According to the National Immunisation Schedule:
First dose: at birth
Second dose : at 2 months old
Third dose : at 3 months old
Fourth dose: at 5 months old
Booster : at 18 months old
3 doses administered at 0, 1 and 6 months.
The vaccine is more than 90% effective at preventing hepatitis B infection, and it is the best way to protect against the disease. Booster doses of the vaccine are recommended for those who are at risk for exposure to the virus, such as healthcare workers or those who travel to areas where the disease is endemic.
When To Delay Or Avoid Hepb Immunization
Doctors delay giving the vaccine to babies who weigh less than 4 pounds, 7 ounces at birth whose mothers do not have the virus in their blood. The baby will get the first dose at 1 month of age or when the baby is discharged from the hospital.
The vaccine is not recommended if your child:
- is currently sick, although simple colds or other minor illnesses should not prevent immunization
- had a serious allergic reaction after an earlier dose of the vaccine or is allergic to baker’s yeast
Also Check: What Type Of Cirrhosis Is Caused By Hepatitis C