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First Signs Of Hepatitis C Symptoms

What Causes Hepatitis C

What Are The First Signs And Symptoms Of Hepatitis C?

The hepatitis C virus causes hepatitis C. The hepatitis C virus spreads through contact with an infected persons blood. Contact can occur by

  • sharing drug needles or other drug materials with an infected person
  • getting an accidental stick with a needle that was used on an infected person
  • being tattooed or pierced with tools or inks that were not kept sterilefree from all viruses and other microorganismsand were used on an infected person before they were used on you
  • having contact with the blood or open sores of an infected person
  • using an infected persons razor, toothbrush, or nail clippers
  • being born to a mother with hepatitis C
  • having unprotected sex with an infected person

You cant get hepatitis C from

  • being coughed or sneezed on by an infected person
  • drinking water or eating food
  • hugging an infected person
  • shaking hands or holding hands with an infected person
  • sharing spoons, forks, and other eating utensils
  • sitting next to an infected person

A baby cant get hepatitis C from breast milk.18

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Articles On Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a sneaky virus. You may not have any symptoms at all. Most people donât. This is one if the reasons, along with treatability now, that all adults are recommended to get tested. Your doctor could check your liver and see only a little damage. You’re usually not diagnosed until they spot a problem with your liver enzymes after a routine blood test.

What Are The Seven Signs Of Hepatitis

The different forms of hepatitis have different signs and symptoms, making regular screenings important for health. While hepatitis B and C dont always cause symptoms, hepatitis A can trigger symptoms similar to the flu as well as these seven common signs:

  • Yellowing of the eyes and skin
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Loss of appetite and/or unexplained weight loss
  • Clay- or light-colored stools
  • While these symptoms can resolve in a few weeks, hepatitis A can lead to serious illness that lasts for months. If you suspect you may have hepatitis, schedule an appointment with Dr. Rivas right away to get a diagnosis and start treatment if applicable.

    Also Check: How To Find Out If You Have Hepatitis

    How Is Hepatitis B Diagnosed

    There are three main ways to diagnose HBV infection. They include:

    • Blood tests: Tests of the blood serum shows how your bodys immune system is responding to the virus. A blood test can also tell you if you are immune to HBV.
    • Abdominal ultrasound: An ultrasound uses sound waves to show the size and shape of your liver and how well the blood flows through it.
    • Liver biopsy: A small sample of your liver tissue is removed though a tiny incision and sent to a lab for analysis.

    The blood test that is used to diagnose hepatitis B is not a test that you get routinely during a medical visit. Often, people whove become infected first learn they have hepatitis B when they go to donate blood. Blood donations are routinely scanned for the infection.

    The virus can be detected within 30 to 60 days of infection. About 70% of adults with hepatitis B develop symptoms, which tend to appear an average of 90 days after initial exposure to the virus.

    Hepatitis C Early Warning Signs You Definitely Should Know

    What are the symptoms of hepatitis C?

    Because of its relatively late discovery, people born before the 70s and 80s are especially at risk because they were never tested for Hepatitis C. This is why they account for the majority of cases in the US, and are far more likely of being infected when compared to other age groups. For these reasons, its incredibly important to know how to identify the symptoms of this disease. The earlier Hepatitis C is detected, the sooner a proper diagnoses and treatment can begin.

    As far as medical conditions go, Hepatitis C is a very modern one. Following research in the 70s, it was officially confirmed as a virus and published about in 1989. What was quickly apparent was that it was very dangerous because of how hard it is to diagnose early.

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    Who Is At Risk For Hepatitis C

    You are more likely to get hepatitis C if you:

    • Have injected drugs

    If you have chronic hepatitis C, you probably will not have symptoms until it causes complications. This can happen decades after you were infected. For this reason, hepatitis C screening is important, even if you have no symptoms.

    What Is The Prognosis For Someone Who Has Hepatitis C

    You can continue to lead an active life even if you are diagnosed with hepatitis C. People with the disease can work and continue their regular daily activities. However, it is very important that you see a specialist as soon as you are diagnosed with hepatitis C. There are many treatments available that can cure the virus.

    To maintain a healthy lifestyle, patients should:

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    Symptoms Of A Chronic Infection

    If the hepatitis C infection progresses to a chronic infection , it can take years before symptoms develop. Symptoms of advanced liver disease caused by long-term chronic infection can include: jaundice fluid build-up and blood in stool or vomit. Sleep disturbances, depression, weight loss, dry or itchy skin, and brain fog also occur in people with chronic hepatitis C but the cause of these symptoms remains uncertain.

    Symptoms Of Infection With Hepatitis C

    Viral hepatitis (A, B, C, D, E) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

    Symptoms of acute infection with hepatitis C

    Acute infection is the period when you first contract the virus, during this period most people do not seem to experience any noticeable symptoms.

    For the 25-35% of people who do, the symptoms are normally vague and non-specific.They can include: Abdominal pain Nausea and vomiting

    About 20% of the people who develop symptoms experience jaundice. This can be seen in the yellowing of the skin and eyes. This is a sign of the livers functions being affected as bilirubin begins to build up in the body. Jaundice is a recognised sign of liver problems and may lead to a test for hepatitis C being suggested.The problem for most people is that they are unaware that they have been infected because of the lack of symptoms. As these symptoms are similar to many other short term infections most people are unlikely to seek medical attention.

    And even when they do, most doctors will not necessarily suspect or test for hepatitis C.

    Symptoms of chronic infection with hepatitis C

    Chronic infection doesnt mean that you have symptoms, chronic means that the infection is ongoing, that you are living with the virus.

    The hepatitis C virus is associated with a wide spectrum of liver disease. This ranges from minor inflammation to cirrhosis, and in certain cases liver cancer.

    Chronic fatigue

    Pains in the upper part of the abdomen

    Dry eyes, irritable bowel and irritable bladder

    Do not assume that all of your aches and pains are related to hepatitis.

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    How Do You Treat Hepatitis C

    According to WebMD, liver cancer and liver transplants are caused most often by Hepatitis C. Treatment is available. Unfortunately, there is no simple solution that suits everyone.

    Hepatitis C has different strands, so no one pill can treat them all. You will need to discuss which antiviral medications are right for you with your doctor. It takes about 12 weeks for most medications to eradicate the virus from your blood. The earlier you receive treatment, the less liver damage and complications you will have.

    Skin Signs Of Liver Damage

    Hepatitis C causes chronic inflammation of the liver, which over time causes progressive scarring known as fibrosis. Cirrhosis occurs when the scarring is severe enough to interfere with the function of the liver.

    In rare cases, ongoing liver damage can cause cells to change at the genetic level, leading the hepatocellular carcinoma .

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    Hepatitis C And Liver Transplantation

    Some people with advanced hepatitis C infection and severe liver damage undergo a liver transplant, but that doesnt eradicate the infection. Patients with active infection at the time of the transplant will develop hepatitis C in the new liver. Sometimes the infection recurs even when patients are on antiviral treatment. Those who have achieved sustained virologic response meaning no detectable virus in the blood 6 months after treatment have a very low risk of developing hepatitis C infection in the new liver.

    Kinds Of Liver Cancer

    Hepatitis C Symptoms: Signs and Symptoms of Hepatitis C

    Primary liver cancer

    Dr Mitra says Hepatocellular carcinoma constitutes approximately 90 percent of all primary liver cancer and that Hepatoblastoma and hepatic cholangiocarcinoma are the other two major variants of primary liver cancer.

    Secondary liver cancer

    Also known as metastatic liver cancer, these tumours are the most common malignancy found in liver. When the primary cancer is present in some other organ in the body and tumour cells spreads to liver by hematogenous route then we can have these metastatic or secondary liver cancer. Most common secondary liver cancer is found from primary tour in colon, rectum, breast, kidney and gall bladder and pancreas.

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    Hepatitis C And Injecting Drugs

    If you inject drugs, avoid sharing needles, syringes or other equipment such as tourniquets, spoons, swabs or water.

    Where possible, always use sterile needles and syringes. These are available free of charge from needle and syringe programs and some pharmacists. To find out where you can obtain free needles, syringes and other injecting equipment, contact DirectLine

    Try to wash your hands before and after injecting. If you cant do this, use hand sanitiser or alcohol swabs from a needle and syringe program service.

    Hepatitis C Symptoms & Treatment


    • Hepatitis C is mainly passed on through using contaminated needles and syringes or sharing other items with infected blood on them. It can also be passed on through unprotected sex, especially when blood is present.

    • You can prevent hepatitis C by never sharing needles and syringes, practising safer sex, and avoiding unlicensed tattoo parlours and acupuncturists.

    • Hepatitis C will often not have any noticeable symptoms, but a simple blood test carried out by a healthcare professional will show whether you have hepatitis C.

    • In the early stages, some peoples bodies can clear a hepatitis C infection on their own, others may develop chronic hepatitis C and will need to take antiviral treatment to cure the infection.

    • Without treatment, chronic hepatitis C can lead to permanent liver damage.

    Hepatitis C is part of a group of hepatitis viruses that attack the liver.

    Some groups are more at risk of getting hepatitis C than others, including people who use drugs, people in prisons, men who have sex with men, health workers and people living with HIV.

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    Severity Of The Hepatitis C Virus

    The virus often results in chronic hepatitis and, unlike the hepatitis B virus, there is still no vaccine available to help prevent it. Because patients with acute hepatitis C rarely experience symptoms, they often do not receive the treatment they need and thus the disease may develop into chronic hepatitis.

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    What Are The Most Common Signs And Symptoms Of Hepatitis C

    Hepatitis C Virus Treatment & Management, Signs & Symptoms, Serology, Transmission, Diagnosis USMLE

    It sounds strange, but there really are no symptoms of hep C. In fact, about half of people with hep C dont even know theyre infected, according to the Mayo Clinic.

    Those who do have symptoms may experience minor issues like fatigue and muscle aches, which can be chalked up to any number of reasons, like an intense workout or just life in general. But because these symptoms are so ubiquitous, theyre easy to miss, and you likely wouldnt associate them with hep C.

    Read Also: Cdc Hepatitis C Fact Sheet

    What Is Hepatitis D

    Hepatitis D is the inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis D virus. It is a defective RNA virus this virus needs HBV for its replication. It is a serious condition that only affects people who already have a history of hepatitis B infection. It occurs as coinfection with acute hepatitis B or as a superinfection in chronic hepatitis B.

    Common Symptoms Of Hepatitis

    If you are living with a chronic form of hepatitis, like hepatitis B and C, you may not show symptoms until the damage affects liver function. By contrast, people with acute hepatitis may present with symptoms shortly after contracting a hepatitis virus.

    Common symptoms of infectious hepatitis include:

    It is crucial to understand what is causing hepatitis in order to treat it correctly. Doctors will progress through a series of tests to accurately diagnose your condition.

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    Is The Hepatitis D Vaccine Available

    No vaccine is available for hepatitis D. A vaccine for hepatitis B is available, which can, in turn, be helpful in preventing hepatitis D also.

    Hepatitis D is a serious condition that can result in serious life-threatening complications. Hepatitis D infection is also termed Delta virus infection. If you are diagnosed with hepatitis D, make healthy choices, and eat a proper healthy diet to protect your liver from further damage. Inform your dentist before taking any dental treatments to avoid the spread of the infection and also avoid coming in close contact with other healthy people to avoid its spread. Chronic hepatitis B can lead to chronic liver infection and can lead to end-stage liver disease and associated complications like accelerated fibrosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver decompensation.

    Query:Hello doctor,Two years back, after a routine blood test I was diagnosed with fatty liver due to raised liver enzymes ALT 53 ALP 66 and GGT188. I later underwent a liver scan and the conclusion was Child A Cirrhosis-possibly secondary to NASH. Advised to lose weight with no medication prescribed. YRead Full »

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    Who Should Get Tested For Hepatitis C

    Hepatitis C Symptoms

    Talk to your doctor about getting tested for Hepatitis C if you:

    • Are a current or former drug user who used needles to inject, even if you only did this one time or did it many years ago
    • Have a sex partner who has chronic Hepatitis C or have had many sex partners
    • Had your blood filtered by a machine for a long period of time because your kidneys werent working
    • Received a blood transfusion or organ transplant from a donor before July 1992
    • Received a blood clotting factor to treat a bleeding disorder before 1987
    • Are a healthcare worker and were exposed to blood through a needle stick or had other contact with blood or bodily fluids
    • Have evidence of liver disease, such as abnormal liver tests
    • Were born between 1945 and 1965. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends a one-time screening for all baby boomers.

    Learn more, use the Centers for Disease Controls Hepatitis Risk Assessment tool.

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    What About Sex And Hepatitis C

    Hepatitis C can be spread through sexual intercourse, but the risk is considered to be low. It is extremely rare among monogamous couples, meaning couples who only have sex with one another. The risk increases if you:

    • Have multiple sex partners
    • Have a sexually transmitted disease
    • Are infected with HIV

    There is no evidence that Hepatitis C is spread by oral sex.

    To reduce the chance of getting or giving Hepatitis C through sexual contact, follow these guidelines:

    • Use latex condoms every time you have sex, particularly if you have:
    • More than one partner
    • Rough sex that might make one of you bleed
    • Sex during your or your partners menstrual period
    • Sex when you or your partner has an open sore on either of your genitals

    How To Avoid Spreading Hepatitis C

    • Tell the people that you live with or have sex with about your illness as soon as you can.
    • Don’t share needles to inject drugs. Don’t share other equipment with others. Find out if a needle exchange program is available in your area, and use it. Get into a drug treatment program.
    • Practice safer sex. Reduce your number of sex partners if you have more than one. Unless you are in a long-term relationship in which neither partner has sex with anyone else, always use latex condoms when you have sex.
    • Make sure that all equipment is sterilized if you get a tattoo, have your body pierced, or have acupuncture.
    • Do not share your personal items. These include razors, toothbrushes, towels, and nail files.
    • Tell your doctor, dentist, and anyone else who may come in contact with your blood about your illness.
    • Prevent others from coming in contact with your blood and other body fluids. Keep any cuts, scrapes, or blisters covered.
    • Wash your handsâand any object that has come in contact with your bloodâthoroughly with water and soap.

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    Late Symptoms Of Hep C

    When not spontaneously cleared, the virus eventually develops into a chronic condition and if they didnt in the acute phase, what are termed late symptoms may appear. This is also very variable With some chronic patients symptoms are barely noticeable, while in others, the symptoms significantly impact their lives. As in the acute stage, the chronic symptoms may not occur and those infected may not be aware that its is related to hepatitis infection. The symptoms aligned with the chronic state can also be periodic, thus they can appear and disappear over time. Some of the common symptoms include chronic fatigue, joint and muscle aches, declines in short-term memory, concentration and trouble doing complex mental tasks , mood swings, depression and anxiety, indigestion or bloating, and abdominal pain.

    While chronic fatigue may be a symptom of hep C, it is a symptom for many illnesses. Unless one is in a high-risk category, its easy to think the hep C symptoms might instead be symptoms of the flu, depression, or other triggers.

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