Friday, December 2, 2022

Can You Donate Blood If You Had Hepatitis B

How Do Doctors Diagnose Hepatitis A

The Truth about Hepatitis B

Doctors diagnose hepatitis A based on symptoms and a blood test. A health care professional will take a blood sample from you and send the sample to a lab. A blood test will detect antibodies to the hepatitis A virus called immunoglobulin M antibodies and show whether you have acute hepatitis A. If the blood test finds antibodies to the hepatitis A virus that are not IgM antibodies, then you are immune to hepatitis A, due to either past hepatitis A infection or hepatitis A vaccination.

More Information On Eligibility To Donate

National eligibility guidelines must be followed when people donate blood in the blood service in specific countries. To find out whether any health conditions, medications, professions or travel history to could affect your ability to give blood, please search for detailed information in the national/local blood services.

How Do Doctors Treat Hepatitis B

Doctors typically dont treat hepatitis B unless it becomes chronic. Doctors may treat chronic hepatitis B with antiviral medicines that attack the virus.

Not everyone with chronic hepatitis B needs treatment. If blood tests show that hepatitis B could be damaging a persons liver, a doctor may prescribe antiviral medicines to lower the chances of liver damage and complications.

Medicines that you take by mouth include

A medicine that doctors can give as a shot is peginterferon alfa-2a .

The length of treatment varies. Hepatitis B medicines may cause side effects. Talk with your doctor about the side effects of treatment. Tell your doctor before taking any other prescription or over-the-counter medicines.

For safety reasons, you also should talk with your doctor before using dietary supplements, such as vitamins, or any complementary or alternative medicines or medical practices.

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How Do I Find A Donation Center

You can find a donation center near you by searching the internet. Organizations such as the American Red Cross and Americas Blood Centers have walk-in donation centers that you can visit almost any time.

Many blood banks and donation services, such as the American Red Cross and Association for the Advancement of Blood & Biotherapies, have traveling blood banks that visit schools, organizations, and other locations that are scheduled in advance.

The American Red Cross website also has pages to help you find blood drives as well as provide you with the resources to host your own. As a host, you only need to:

  • provide a location for the American Red Cross to set up a mobile donation center
  • raise awareness about the drive and get donors from your institution or organization
  • coordinate donation schedules

Before you donate blood, follow these tips to prepare your body:

  • Wait at least 8 weeks after your last donation to donate whole blood again.
  • Drink 16 ounces of water or juice.
  • Follow an iron-rich diet consisting of foods such as spinach, red meat, and beans.
  • Avoid a high fat meal right before donating.
  • Dont take aspirin for at least 2 days before the donation if you plan to donate platelets, too.
  • Avoid high stress activities.

What Does High/low Viral Load Mean

Can You Donate Blood if You Have Hepatitis C?

Viral load is the amount of virus present in the bloodstream. It is expressed as the amount of viral genetic material per milliliter of blood. The amount of virus does not predict how severe the liver disease is or will become. The level of the viral load does not tell us anything about the risk of liver damage or how sick someone is. In hepatitis C, it matters if virus is present or absent. Some treatment regimens can be shortened if the patient has a low viral load to start with, but most often, treatment regimens are the same for people with high hepatitis C viral loads or low viral loads.

The RNA test is essential for making the diagnosis of hepatitis C infection–having a positive RNA test is the definition of having infection. After the diagnosis is made, the RNA level does not need to be checked over and over unless it is checked during the time that the patient is undergoing treatment. During treatment, regular RNA tests are done to follow the dropping virus level until it reaches an undetectable state. But before treatment and after treatment, repeated RNA testing is not necessary.

Also Check: Hepatitis B Vaccine During Pregnancy

What Is A Biopsy

A biopsy is a medical procedure. A tiny piece of liver is removed and examined to find out the extent of damage. It involves a large needle and local anesthetic, as well as some risk of bleeding. A pathologist looks at the piece of liver under microscopes to determine how much damage has occurred in the liver. This is a very useful test and used to be done very commonly. However, the procedure is done much less frequently than in the past. For most patients with hepatitis B and C, liver biopsy is not required. Today, other tests can be used to try to estimate the fibrosis in the liver.

Restrictions For Donating Blood If You Have An Std

There are varying timelines for when you can or cannot donate blood with STDs. When in doubt, reach out to your local blood bank and ask for their specific guidelines. You should not donate blood if you suspect you may have human immunodeficiency virus , acquired immunodeficiency syndrome , human T-lymphotropic virus , or hepatitis.

You can never donate blood if you:

  • Are HIV positive or receiving HIV treatment
  • Are HTLV positiveâ
  • Are a carrier of Hepatitis B or C

The American Red Cross says you should not donate if you have done any of the following in the past three months:

  • Were a sex worker
  • Are a man and had sex with another man
  • Had sexual contact with anyone who meets the above-listed criteria
  • Injected recreational drugs
  • Had a sex partner who is HIV or HTLV positive, a carrier of hepatitis B or C, or a partner who has injected drugs not prescribed by a doctorâ
  • Took Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis or Truvada for preventing HIV

If you contracted syphilis or gonorrhea, wait three months following completion of your treatment to donate blood. If you have chlamydia, HPV, or genital herpes, you can still donate blood if you meet the other eligibility requirements.

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Important Information About Your Test Results

The tests performed on your donation have given positive results for HBV. This means that you are infected with HBV and that the virus is in your bloodstream. Because the virus is also in the blood, it can be passed on to the recipient of blood transfusion. The tests do not give any information about when or how you became infected, or whether your liver is inflamed or not. Other tests should be performed which will give much more information about your health.

Your test results are regarded as strictly confidential and will not be disclosed to anyone without your consent. Being infected with HBV does not necessarily mean that your liver is inflamed or that you will become ill in the future. However, we could refer you to a specialist in liver disease for further medical care and treatment. Furthermore, you are infectious to your sexual partner and should seek treatment for both yourself and your partner. If you do not want to, or are unable to inform your partner, the specialist centre may be able to help you with that.

We advise you to think very carefully before sharing your result with others. Most people do not need to know. You should tell those with whom you recently or regularly had sexual contact. You should also tell your doctor and any other doctor who may look after you, particularly for females who are planning a pregnancy. You should also inform your dentist of the possible infection risk.

Are You Eligible To Donate Life

What you need to know about Hepatitis B

Review the information below to determine your eligibility for various types of donation.

Here are the essential qualifications, depending on your donation type. You can choose to donate whole blood or specific components through a process called apheresis or automation. This process allows one or more specific components of blood to be safely removed through a sterile process and the remaining components are safely returned to you through a sterile process. To learn more about the donation types, visit Learn More About Blood Donation.

Safety note: You cannot contract blood borne pathogens such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV/AIDS by donating blood.

Also Check: Hepatitis C Causes Liver Cancer

Who Cannot Donate Blood In Sa

The South African National Blood Service has saved and continues to save lives with the blood they collect from donors around the country.

The SANBS encourages people to donate blood at various donation centres, or at pop-up locations like malls or at your office, but not everyone is always eligible to donate blood.

The SANBS tries their utmost not to turn people away when they’re willing to donate blood. Ivor Hobbs, regional marketing manager for the organisation, told Health24 that they try to limit the number of deferrals, while keeping the safety of donors and recipients in mind.

No negative impacts

For example, those who are feeling ill with flu-like symptoms are deferred for about a week or they can donate when they are free of the symptoms. If, however, you have been diagnosed with a condition like hepatitis B or C, this justifies a permanent deferral, which means you will never be able to donate blood.

Hobbs said the most common deferral the organisation sees is for low iron levels.

“This is to ensure that we do not negatively affect the donor’s iron reserves and that there is enough blood for the patients and for the donor.

“Some of the other reasons include: Deferrals for visiting malaria areas, blood pressure and lifestyle. Every donor is carefully assessed to ensure that it’s safe to donate and that the blood, which will eventually be issued to the patient, is safe. Roughly 18% of all donors who present to donate are deferred.”

Timelines

R75 per month

What Does It Mean When Different Types Of Blood Tests For Hepatitis C Give Different Results

The first test your provider probably will perform is called an “antibody” test. A positive result means that you were exposed to the hepatitis C virus at some point in your life.

If the result is positive, your provider will perform a second test called hepatitis C virus RNA to see if the virus is still in your body. If the RNA test result is positive, then you have chronic hepatitis C infection.

So what does it mean if you have a positive result for the first test but a negative result for the second?

  • The most likely explanation is that you were infected with hepatitis C but your own immune system fought off the virus. This means you do not have chronic hepatitis C infection, and are not at risk of any medical problems related to hepatitis C.
  • The second possible explanation is that you were infected with hepatitis C but the amount of virus in your body is too small to be detected by the standard test. If someone had virus that was present but such a low amount that the test wasn’t able to detect it, then there could be a “false negative HCV RNA” test. But the newest techniques used by labs for HCV RNA are extremely sensitive and can detect as few as 12 copies of the virus . So, this scenario is possible where you could have a false negative test, but it is unlikely.
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    Who Is Eligible To Donate Blood

    Before coming to a clinic to give blood, please check if you are eligible todonate.

    Never give blood if:

    • You have received a blood transfusion in Ireland on or after the 1st January 1980
    • You received a blood transfusion outside Ireland at anytime
    • You have ever used a needle to take unprescribed drugs, this includes body building drugs
    • You or your partner are HIV positive
    • You have had Hepatitis B or C

    You should not donate blood for 12 months if:

    • You have visited a malarial area
    • You have been pregnant

    You should not donate blood for 4 months if:

    • You have had a tattoo or a body piercing

    You should not donate blood for 3 months if:

    • You have visited a tropical area

    You should not donate blood for 1 month if you have hadcontact with infectious diseases ,for example, chicken pox, mumps, measles or German measles.

    If you have travelled to an area at risk of West Nile Virus, you should wait28 days after returning before you donate blood.

    You must be fully recovered for 2 weeks if you have had the flu or been onantibiotics.

    You should not donate blood until fully recovered if youhave a cold.

    If you are on long-term medication, you should contact the IBTS beforedonating.

    If you are aged 6569 you can only donate blood if you have given blood inthe last 10 years. If you are aged over 70 you can donate blood if you havegiven blood in the last 2 years and you have a certificate of fitness from yourGP.

    How To Prevent Hbv From Being Transmitted To Others

    Hepatitis C window period: When can you get tested?

    Blood donation: Unfortunately, you will no longer be able to give blood. Any current sexual partner cannot be a donor either.

    Sexual contact: Any sexual contact, where infected body fluids enter the body of another person, carries the risk of infection. The degree of risk varies with the activity. The sexual activities most likely to pass on the virus are:

    • Unprotected anal intercourse
    • Unprotected vaginal intercourse
    • Any activity which draws blood this would include sexual intercourse during the menstrual period.

    The infection is passed more easily from a man to a woman than from a woman to a man, but it is recommended that:

    • A regular partner is immunized against hepatitis B virus to protect against the risk of transmission this can be arranged by your doctor
    • Condoms are used with other partners to reduce both the risk of passing on HBV and the risk of acquiring some other infection.

    Pregnancy and breastfeeding: There is a risk of the virus being passed from mother to baby at the time of birth. Throughout the world this is probably the most common way for the infection to be passed on, but it can be prevented if the baby is given protective injections at birth. There is also a risk from breastfeeding, but this is prevented if the baby has been protected.

    Accidents which involve blood spillage could expose other people to risk, so it is recommended that you:

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    Your Iron Levels Are Too Low

    Hemoglobin, a protein found in your red blood cells plays an essential role in transporting oxygen to your bodys organs and tissues and back to your lungs. Hemoglobin also contains much of your bodys iron. So when someone says that your iron levels are too low, that is actually a misleading way of stating that your hemoglobin levels are too low for you to safely donate blood.

    Hemoglobin levels are measured in grams per deciliter. In their eligibility requirements list The American Red Cross states that:

    In order to donate blood, a woman must have a hemoglobin level of at least 12.5 g/dL, and a man must have a hemoglobin level of at least 13.0 g/dL. For all donors, the hemoglobin level can be no greater than 20 g/dL.

    If youve had trouble giving blood in the past due to low iron/hemoglobin levels, you can combat these deficiencies by eating iron-rich foods, especially meat and animal products . If you are vegetarian, breads and pastas, beans, peanuts, lentils, tofu, and eggs are also good sources of iron, although your body cannot absorb the iron they contain as easily.

    I Have Hepatitis C And I’m Thinking About Having Children What Should I Know

    Hepatitis C does not prevent a man or woman from having children.

    The hepatitis C virus infection does not cause infertility in either sex–it does not affect a woman’s ovarian or uterine function, or a man’s sperm production or sperm characteristics.

    If you are a woman with hepatitis C, talk to your provider about treatment before pregnancy. Treatment before pregnancy can help reduce the risk of hepatitis C transmission to your baby. If you are already pregnant, treatment will usually take place after pregnancy and you may need to be tested for hepatitis C again prior to starting treatment.

    If you are a man with hepatitis C, talk to your provider about being treated prior to conceiving. Although the risk of transmission during sex is low, it is still important to treat hepatitis C for your personal health.

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    Are There Supplements That Are Bad For My Liver

    Taking too many vitamin and mineral supplements may do more harm than good to a damaged liver.

  • Avoid taking too much vitamin A.
  • Do not take protein or amino acid supplements.
  • Avoid iron supplements unless your doctor prescribes them. Excess iron can build up in the liver and speed up damage.
  • If you have cirrhosis and your liver is not working, you may have to avoid substances such as steroids, acetaminophen, birth control pills, cortisone, barbiturates, and many other drugs.
  • Can I Give Blood After Having Coronavirus Or The Vaccine

    What if a pregnant woman is found positive for Hepatitis B? | Apollo Hospitals

    Yes, but if you have had COVID-19 please read our full coronavirus guidance for rules on attending a session before making an appointment to donate.

    If you have had a coronavirus vaccine as part of the UK vaccination programme, please wait 7 full days after having the vaccine before coming to give blood on the 8th day.

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