Is There A Cure For Chronic Hepatitis B
Currently, there is no complete cure for hepatitis B. But when managed properly, those living with the virus can expect to live a normal life. Maintaining a healthy diet and avoiding beverages that contain alochol and tobacco products are crucial components in managing the disease.
You should also visit a doctor familiar with hepatitis B at least annually though twice a year might be best to monitor your liver through blood tests and medical imaging. As with most diseases, detecting it early leads to a better outcome. If youre exposed to the virus, you should get an antibody injection within 12 hours of exposure.
Nutrition Tips For Patients With Hepatitis
Broadly speaking, the diet for this disease is based on vegetables, whole grains, fruits, and lean proteins. This may vary depending on the patients initial condition and subsequent evolution, but general guidelines can be established that are recommended to follow.
- Eat adequate protein to avoid excesses and deficiencies. These are necessary to restore damaged cells and to avoid malnutrition of the patient. If the liver doesnt process them properly, toxic waste can accumulate. The best sources are lean meat and fish, legumes, eggs, and low-fat dairy products.
- In general, its advisable to increase the presence of carbohydrates over protein. If possible, opt for whole grains such as rice, quinoa, oats, or couscous.
- Consume fats in moderate amounts. It isnt good to eliminate them from the diet because they have important functions in the body. However, it is essential to choose healthy sources such as olive oil, avocados, nuts, or oily fish.
What Is Viral Hepatitis
Viral hepatitis is inflammation of the liver caused by a virus. The different types of the virus are named A, B, C, D, and E. The most common ones are A, B and C.Hepatitis A is caused by hepatitis A virus, which can be found in contaminated food or water or in the stool and blood of infected individuals. Hepatitis A is preventable via vaccine.
Hepatitis C is caused by hepatitis C virus, which can be spread by contact with the blood of an infected individual . There is no vaccine for hepatitis C, but if detected early, it can be treated.
Hepatitis can be acute or chronic depending on whether the disease has been resolved within 6 months. Symptoms of the disease include fatigue, nausea/vomiting, abdominal pain, and jaundice . However, some individuals have no symptoms.
Recommended Reading: How Much Does The Hepatitis B Vaccine Cost
Important Information About Vaccine And Hepatitis B Immunoglobulin Shot Administration
Where available, the hepatitis B birth-dose and HBIG should be administered within 24 hours of birth in order to prevent the transmission of hepatitis B from mother to child. It is very important that the shots be given in opposite limbs, to ensure the highest effectiveness. Please see chart above for more information.
Children Are At Greater Risk Of Chronic Hepatitis
Most people with chronic hepatitis B infection were infected as babies or as young children .Children who have the disease usually develop a mild illness, but sometimes theyll have no symptoms. They are more likely to continue to carry the virus . Many years later, they may develop liver damage and cancer. For this reason, all infected children require long-term follow-up.When adults are infected, they usually become sick with acute hepatitis , but are at much less risk of developing chronic hepatitis.
Dont Miss: What Are The Signs Of Hepatitis
You May Like: Cause Of Hepatitis B And Symptoms
Nutrition For People With Hepatitis
Please dialHOTLINE for more information or register for an appointment HERE. Download MyVinmec app to make appointments faster and receive 15% off for consultation fee at the first appointment . MyVinmec app is also available and convenient for your bookings management andTelehealth service with Vinmec doctors all in one.
Is It Right For You
While a diet plan based on the details above can be a good starting point for those with liver problems, its important to also work with a healthcare professional. They can help determine whether a liver cirrhosis diet is right for you.
They may recommend combining certain dietary changes with other treatments, such as prescription medications, certain medical procedures, or lifestyle changes like exercise or quitting smoking.
Additionally, they may advise you to take certain supplements to protect against nutritional deficiencies caused by cirrhosis and malabsorption.
If you have liver cirrhosis, its important to talk with your doctor or a dietitian to find a specific treatment plan that meets your needs.
Recommended Reading: What Is Hepatitis C Caused From
What Is The Outlook For People With Hepatitis B
The outlook for people with HBV is better now than ever before. You are certainly able to live a full life and help yourself stay healthy. You should make sure to have regular check-ups with a healthcare provider who is qualified to treat hepatitis B, possibly a liver doctor.
Make sure you are vaccinated against hepatitis A. Check with your healthcare provider or pharmacist before taking other medications or over-the-counter products, including supplements and natural products. These could interfere with your medication or damage your liver. For instance, taking acetaminophen in large doses may harm your liver.
Follow the usual guidelines for living a healthy life:
- Eat nutritious foods, choosing from a variety of vegetables, fruits and healthy proteins. It is said that cruciferous vegetables are especially good at protecting the liver.
- Exercise regularly.
- Dont smoke and dont drink. Both tobacco and alcohol are bad for your liver.
- Do things that help you cope with stress, like journaling, talking with others, meditating and doing yoga.
- Avoid inhaling toxic fumes.
How To Follow The Diet
If you have liver cirrhosis, its important to get enough calories and high quality protein each day. This can help prevent malnutrition and preserve lean body mass the part of your body that isnt fat.
The general recommendation is to eat 1618 calories and 0.450.68 grams of protein per pound of body weight per day .
For reference, this means that a person who weighs 150 pounds should consume 2,4002,700 calories and 68102 grams of protein per day.
People with cirrhosis should prioritize high protein foods and incorporate both plant- and animal-based protein sources into their diet. Adding protein to every meal and snack can increase your overall protein intake and may help prevent muscle loss .
Still, more research is needed.
When following a liver cirrhosis diet, aim to limit any foods and drinks that are difficult for the liver to process.
In particular, limit your intake of foods high in unhealthy fats such as trans fats, including fried foods and processed snacks.
Cirrhosis can impact your livers ability to produce bile, which is needed for the digestion of fats. Still, unprocessed fat sources like nuts, salmon, and avocados are fine to enjoy in moderation .
You should also avoid alcohol, which can worsen liver damage and scarring. If you have trouble moderating your alcohol intake or struggle with alcohol dependence, dont hesitate to talk with your doctor and ask for help .
You May Like: What Does Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Positive Mean
Chronic Hepatitis B Complications
Chronic hepatitis B can lead to
- cirrhosis, a condition in which scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue and prevents your liver from working normally. Scar tissue also partly blocks the flow of blood through the liver. As cirrhosis gets worse, the liver begins to fail.
- liver failure, in which your liver is badly damaged and stops working. Liver failure is also called end-stage liver disease. People with liver failure may require a liver transplant.
- liver cancer. Your doctor may suggest blood tests and an ultrasound or another type of imaging test to check for liver cancer. Finding cancer at an early stage improves the chance of curing the cancer.
You May Like: Common Ways To Get Hepatitis B
Return To School Or Child Care
- Your child may return to normal daily activity when the childs doctor or the doctor who discharges him or her from the hospital says it is OK. This will be when your child is no longer jaundiced or vomiting.
- A child who scratches, bites or “gets into fights, has an overall skin condition, or a bleeding problem should probably not attend child care while he or she has hepatitis. Your childs doctor can help you make this decision.
If you have any questions, be sure to ask your childs doctor or nurse.
HH-I-43 10/76, Revised 10/15 Copyright 1976, Nationwide Childrens Hospital
Read Also: Signs Of Hepatitis In Females
Illegal Drugs And Cigarettes
Recreational drugs in general are no good for your liver. For example, may lead to faster liver scarring. And using a needle to inject substances can raise your odds of getting reinfected with hep C.
If youre a smoker, you need to quit. It can make you more likely to get liver cancer. Talk to your doctor about ways to quit.
Hepatitis B Symptoms And Treatment
Hepatitis B is part of a group of hepatitis viruses that attack the liver. It is spread through blood and bodily fluids. It is most commonly passed on via unprotected sex , from a mother to her child during birth, or through contaminated needles.
In adults, it often causes no obvious symptoms and can pass in a few months without treatment. Children are more likely to develop a long-lasting infection. Without appropriate treatment and care, children and adults with a chronic infection can become seriously ill and be at risk of liver damage or death.
Vaccines for hepatitis B are offered to infants and are available for people at high risk of the condition.
Read Also: Hepatitis D Signs And Symptoms
Chronic Hepatitis B Symptoms
Most patients with chronic hepatitis B are asymptomatic unless their disease progresses. Others might have nonspecific symptoms, such as fatigue.
Some patients experience worsening of the infection and develop signs and symptoms similar to acute hepatitis.
If patients with chronic hepatitis B progress to cirrhosis they will develop signs and symptoms of liver failure, including:
- Peripheral edema
How Is Hepatitis B Diagnosed
There are three main ways to diagnose HBV infection. They include:
- Blood tests: Tests of the blood serum shows how your bodys immune system is responding to the virus. A blood test can also tell you if you are immune to HBV.
- Abdominal ultrasound: An ultrasound uses sound waves to show the size and shape of your liver and how well the blood flows through it.
- Liver biopsy: A small sample of your liver tissue is removed though a tiny incision and sent to a lab for analysis.
The blood test that is used to diagnose hepatitis B is not a test that you get routinely during a medical visit. Often, people whove become infected first learn they have hepatitis B when they go to donate blood. Blood donations are routinely scanned for the infection.
The virus can be detected within 30 to 60 days of infection. About 70% of adults with hepatitis B develop symptoms, which tend to appear an average of 90 days after initial exposure to the virus.
Also Check: How Do You Cure Hepatitis A
When To Call The Doctor
- The child has not felt hungry or wanted to eat in the past 24 hours.
- Your childs fever is over 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit for more than 2 days.
- Your child has a stomachache.
- Your child vomits more than 2 times in an hour.
- Your child’s skin or the white part of the eyes turns yellow.
- Your child is overly tired for more than 2 days.
What Should I Eat If I Have Hepatitis C
In building your diet to fight hepatitis C infection, putting the least amount of strain on your liver is the goal while still getting all of the nutrients you need to promote normal bodily function. A strong liver also keeps your body strong enough to fight off illness.
Right off the bat, we can eliminate alcohol. Not doing so is, in essence, throwing fuel on the hepatitis fire.
Refined sugars and foods high in salt and fat also put unnecessary strain on your liver, so avoiding them can greatly increase your bodys chance of ridding itself of hepatitis.
The U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs also chimes in adding, good diet, by contrast, can actually improve liver health in a person with hepatitis C. A balanced diet can lead to better liver functioning and lowered risk of cirrhosis of the liver.
Another helpful tip is eating smaller meals with slightly more frequency. With hepatitis C, eating a small meal once every few hours, as opposed to two or three large meals every day can lessen the workload of your liver.
For a more comprehensive look at what foods you should eat, which you should avoid, as wells as tips on healthy eating habits, visit A Basic Diet for Hepatitis.
You May Like: Hepatitis B Symptoms In Females
World Hepatitis Day : Eat These Foods To Maintain A Healthy Liver
To prevent hepatitis, it is important to boost liver health. Follow this food guide to boost liver health.
World Hepatitis Day is among the World Health Organisations officially mandated worldwide public health days. This day is celebrated each year on 28th July across the world to promote awareness and understanding of hepatitis, which is one of the most fatal and overlooked illnesses, claiming a life every 30 seconds. Hepatitis affects 325 million people worldwide, with hepatitis B and C responsible for taking more than 1.1 million lives each year. As the liver is the bodys second largest organ, it plays a pivotal role in processing nutrients, drugs, and toxins, as well as producing hormones and storing vitamins and minerals. Dr. Preet Pal Thakur, Co Founder- Glamyo Health lists out some food items that one should include in the diet to keep the liver healthy.
Since India lacks an HCV monitoring system, there is an apparent lack of in-depth information about the actual number of patients living with HCV-related illnesses and those who have died as a result of it. As per WHO estimate, the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen in India is 3-4.2 per cent, with over 40 million HBV carriers. Annually, over 176,000 Indians die from complications of hepatitis B and C. In response to the crisis, the United Nations established the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015, with the objective of eliminating Hepatitis by 2030.
Treatment Of Hepatitis B Diet
A diagnosis such as inflammation of the liver of an infectious nature requires special medical attention. Treatment of hepatitis B diet is shown from the first days of illness. The patient is assigned a dietary table number 5, which allows to restore health. The therapeutic diet relieves the load from a sick liver, which is unable to cope with its work, that is, to filter and spread the blood throughout the body in sufficient quantities. Without proper therapy, organ dysfunction leads to intoxication of the body and the development of serious complications.
Treatment of hepatitis B diet is based on the observance of such rules:
- You need to eat often, but in small portions. On the day there should be three full meals and two or three snacks.
- Need to give up alcohol and smoking. In the diet should not be fatty, fried, salty, peppery and sweet. The use of culinary fats worsens the work of the liver, can lead to an exacerbation of hepatitis. Salt disrupts water exchange processes, causing degradation and dysfunction of vital systems and organs.
- Particular attention should be paid to the drinking regime. A day must drink at least 2 liters of purified water. You can drink freshly squeezed fruit, berry and vegetable juices, fruit drinks, compotes, various herbal infusions and green tea. From strong black tea and coffee will have to give up. Under the ban come carbonated drinks, packaged store juice and sweet cocktails.
Don’t Miss: How Is Hepatitis C Diagnosed
What Causes Hepatitis B
- being born to a mother with hepatitis B
- having unprotected sex with an infected person
- sharing drug needles or other drug materials with an infected person
- getting an accidental stick with a needle that was used on an infected person
- being tattooed or pierced with tools that were used on an infected person and werent properly sterilized, or cleaned in a way that destroys all viruses and other microbes
- having contact with the blood or open sores of an infected person
- using an infected persons razor, toothbrush, or nail clippers
You cant get hepatitis B from
- being coughed on or sneezed on by an infected person
- drinking unclean water or untreated water that has not been boiled
- eating food that is unclean or has not been properly cooked
- hugging an infected person
- shaking hands or holding hands with an infected person
- sharing spoons, forks, and other eating utensils
- sitting next to an infected person
Mothers who have hepatitis B can safely breastfeed their babies. If a baby receives hepatitis B immune globulin and starts receiving the hepatitis B vaccine to prevent hepatitis B infection shortly after birth, hepatitis B is unlikely to spread from mother to child through breastfeeding.15
Recommended Diet And Nutrition For Hepatitis Patients
Written and verified bythe nutritionist.
27 May, 2022
Proper nutrition is important for patients with hepatitis, although theres no standard diet for the disease. People with hepatitis should eat a healthy, balanced diet and avoid all foods and beverages that can contribute to liver damage.
Of course, diet complements the treatment determined by specialists and under no circumstances replaces it. There arent any foods that can cure hepatitis, but there are foods that contribute to the patients well-being.
Read Also: History Of Hepatitis C Treatment
What Is Hepatitis And How Can Nutrition Help Patients With Hepatitis
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can be of short duration or prolonged in time . In both cases, it involves damage to the organ that prevents it from functioning normally.
There are several types of hepatitis with different causes and routes of transmission:
- The most common is transmitted by an A, B, C, D, or E virus.
- Alcoholic hepatitis is caused by excessive alcohol consumption.
- Some toxins and certain medications, supplements, or chemicals can cause toxic hepatitis.
- Autoimmune hepatitis occurs when the immune system attacks the liver and causes cell damage. The cause is unknown, but genetics and environment are two possible triggers.
Although adequate nutrition in patients with hepatitis doesnt lead to a cure, its important in determining a good state of health during the disease. A balanced diet helps maintain fluid balance and prevents liver overload.
Find out which foods are the most suitable, which should be avoided and how to organize your diet. If youre interested in learning more, we invite you to read on.
Find out more about World Hepatitis Day: The Disease Is Preventable