Wednesday, July 17, 2024

Latest News On Hepatitis B

The Future Of Treatment

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Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Council for the annual International Hepatitis B Virus Meeting and the Incoming Chair of the International Coalition to Eliminate HBV, Dr Tavis works on the front line of researching new developments in HBV treatments.

Dr Tavis says the cure to HBV is coming. The feeling within the scientific community is that major improvements will happen somewhere in the next five to 10 years it isnt going to be one optimal combination at first.

Customers Of Most Age Groups Can Receive Vaccinations In Our Stores

At CVS Pharmacy, vaccinations are available for adolescents, adults and seniors, while at MinuteClinic, children as young as 18 months can receive certain vaccinations. Call your nearest location to talk to the pharmacist about what vaccinations are right for your age group and whats available at that location.

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Vaccines Available In Nurses Clinic

  • Chicken Pox series of 2 injections: day 0 and 4-8 weeks later.
  • Hepatitis A for travel/precaution against food- or water-borne hepatitis series of 2 injections: day 0 and 6-12 months later.
  • Hepatitis B for protection against blood/body fluid-borne hepatitis series of 2 or 3 injections.
  • Hep A & B Combined series of 3 injections: day 0, 1 month and 6 months.
  • Meningococcal MCV4 Vaccine one injection on or after the 16th birthday
  • Measles, Mumps Rubella Vaccine should be given twice since first birthday.
  • Polio Vaccine usually for travel to high risk areas.
  • Pneumococcal Vaccine one dose for smokers and people with certain chronic health conditions one additional dose for all adults over 65 years of age.
  • Tetanus, Diphtheria initially 3 doses in childhood, then every 10 years is recommended.
  • Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis a one time booster is recommended for adolescents and adults .
  • Varicella two doses at least 28 days apart.
  • HPV for protection against high-risk strains of HPV associated with cancer of the cervix series of 3 injections: 0, 2, and 6 months.

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How India Is Ready To Tackle Hepatitis With Accessible And Affordable Diagnostics

An efficient response to the Hepatitis epidemic must include testing and identification of infection since it opens the door to services for both prevention and treatment. Early detection of those with chronic Hepatitis is made possible by active case-finding and testing methods, as well as cost-effective testing tactics.

  • TNN

    Hepatitis is caused by five main hepatitis viruses, types A, B, C, D and E, of which B and C have the most serious consequences.

  • Questions To Ask Your Doctor

    New recommendation for hepatitis B screening issued, targets people at ...
    • What kinds of therapy are possible to reduce my viral load?
    • Are there clinical trials looking at curing Hepatitis B?
    • Do I have liver damage?
    • Will I need a liver transplant?
    • Does my family need a booster vaccination?
    • What are the potential risks at infecting my partner with Hepatitis B?
    • How can I make my friends and family aware of what my condition is?
    • Should I be re-vaccinated for Hepatitis A?

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    Who Should Be Vaccinated Against Hepatitis B

    Those who should be vaccinated against hepatitis B virus include:

    • Children and adolescents not vaccinated at birth
    • People with chronic liver disease not caused by hepatitis B virus
    • Diabetics younger than 60 years of age
    • People who have had/or are on hemodialysis, those with end-stage renal disease including those on pre-dialysis care, peritoneal dialysis, and home dialysis
    • Healthcare and emergency workers, military personnel, morticians and others at risk for exposure to blood or blood-contained body fluids on the job
    • Residents and staff of facilities for developmentally disabled people
    • People working or house in prisons
    • People with a sexually transmitted disease
    • People with multiple sexual partners
    • Men who have sex with men
    • People with HIV
    • People who have ever injected or snorted drugs
    • Sexual partners and household members of people with hepatitis B virus
    • Travels or those born in countries where hepatitis B virus is common
    • People seeking protection from hepatitis B virus, particularly members of ethnic or racial groups with high rate of hepatitis B virus infection including Asian and Pacific Islander Americans, African Americans, Latino Americans,
    • Native Americans, and Alaskan Natives
    • Immigrants from countries where hepatitis B virus is common

    How To Get Vaccinated Against Hepatitis B

    All babies in the UK born on or after 1 August 2017 are given 3 doses of hepatitis B-containing vaccine as part of the NHS routine vaccination schedule.

    These doses are given at 8, 12 and 16 weeks of age.

    Babies at high risk of developing hepatitis B infection from infected mothers are given extra doses of the hepatitis B vaccine at birth, 4 weeks and 1 year of age.

    If you think youre at risk and need the hepatitis B vaccine, ask your GP to vaccinate you, or visit any sexual health or genitourinary medicine clinic.

    If your job places you at risk of hepatitis B infection, its your employers responsibility to arrange vaccination for you, rather than your GP. Contact your occupational health department.

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    What Are The Symptoms Of Having Hepatitis B

    A majority of adults develop symptoms from acute hepatitis B virus infection however, young children often do not. Symptoms, when they occur, may include:

    • Nausea and Vomiting
    • Abdominal pain near the liver

    On average, symptoms appear three months after exposure to the virus, but they can appear anywhere between six weeks and six months. Symptoms usually last for a few weeks, but can last up to six months. Most adults infected with hepatitis B virus recover fully even if their signs and symptoms are severe.

    Some of the people who go on to develop chronic hepatitis B virus have ongoing symptoms similar to acute hepatitis B virus, but most people with chronic Hepatitis B remain symptom free for 20 or 30 years.

    If you think you have signs of symptoms of Hepatitis B, contact your doctor.

    Hbv Cure Going Back To The Drawing Board Researchers Say

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    LONDON Achieving a functional cure for hepatitis B virus is not going to be easily achieved with the drugs that are currently in development, according to a presentation at the annual International Liver Congress sponsored by the European Association for the Study of the Liver.

    Intriguing results have been presented at ILC 2022 that must be carefully interpreted, said Jean-Michel Pawlotsky, MD, PhD, of Henri Mondor Hospital in Créteil, France, during the viral hepatitis highlights session on the closing day of the meeting.

    New HBV drug development looks more complicated than initially expected and its goals and strategies need to be redefined and refocused, he added

    This is really something that came from the discussions we had during the sessions but also in the corridors, Pawlotsky added. We know its going to be difficult we have to reset, restart not from zero, but from not much and revise our strategy, he suggested.

    There are many new drugs under investigation for HBV, Pawlotsky said, noting that the number of studies being presented at the meeting was reminiscent of the flurry of activity before a functional cure for hepatitis C had been found. Its good to see that this is happening again for HBV, he said.

    The B-CLEAR Study

    The REEF Studies

    Another approach highlighted was the combination of the silencing or small interfering RNA JNJ-3989 with the capsid assembly modulator JNJ-6379 in the phase 2 REEF-1 and REEF-2 studies.

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    European Commission And Thervacb Join Forces

    The role of viral hepatitis as a public health threat has long been underestimated. Only very recently, the United Nations in their 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development called for international action to combat viral hepatitis and reduce the disease burden. The major killer is the hepatitis B virus causing liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. Worldwide 880,000 humans die each year from the consequences of an HBV infection.

    A prophylactic vaccine is available to prevent HBV infection, but more than 3% of the worlds population are chronically infected and do not profit from that vaccine anymore. For those suffering from chronic hepatitis B, until today no curative treatment option exists.

    The European Commission therefore selected the project TherVacB led by Helmholtz Zentrum München for a five-year funding within the Horizon 2020 program. A consortium of leading virologists, immunologists and physicians specialized in treating viral hepatitis, will use a newly designed therapeutic vaccine, TherVacB, as an immunotherapy to cure HBV. TherVacB will be evaluated in a three-year clinical trial starting in 2022 conducted in Europe and in Africa. Integration of a partner site in Tanzania shall help building local capacities for diagnosing and treating hepatitis B and support an important goal of the consortium to raise awareness for hepatitis B.

    Be Aware Of Symptoms That May Indicate Hepatitis B Get Tested

    The hepatitis B virus can lead to both, acute and chronic infection that causes often silent or unrecognized liver inflammation. Chronic HBV carriers are often not aware of their deadly disease for a long period of time. Those who develop symptoms, suffer from fatigue, poor appetite, stomach pain, nausea or jaundice. For many adolescents and adults, hepatitis B is a short-term illness they resolve an acute infection and develop long-lasting immunity. For others and in particular for young children, HBV infection persists and becomes a long-term, chronic infection often unnoticed. Those affected are at high risk to develop liver cirrhosis and liver cancer and to finally die from it. As it is very hard to diagnose HBV infection due to the lack of specific symptoms, blood tests are needed to diagnose and inform those who are affected and should receive medical care.

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    What Is Hepatitis B

    The hepatitis B virus causes liver inflammation

    Your immune system eliminates the hepatitis B virus in 95% of cases in adults, but 5% become chronic

    In young children, the infection becomes chronic in > 90% of the cases, and should be monitored for treatment indication

    If the virus infection becomes chronic and is not treated it can cause liver cirrhosis and liver

    cancer

    Hepatitis B Research Pioneer Dr Bud Tennant Leaves Behind A Distinguished Scientific Legacy

    Preventing Hepatitis B

    Nov. 2016: Bud C. Tennant, DVM, a pioneer in developing the woodchuck animal model for the study of hepatitis B, and distinguished member of the Hepatitis B Foundations Scientific and Medical Advisory Board, passed away on November 16. Read more.

    Hepatitis B Foundation Co-Sponsors East Coast Film Premiere of Be About It

    Nov. 2016: Documentary about two families profoundly affected by hepatitis B will show at Philadelphia Asian American Film Festival on November 20. Read more.

    Hepatitis B Foundation Launches Nationwide Hepatitis Delta Virus Campaign to Expand Awareness and Testing for HDV Infection

    Oct. 2016: Collaboration with Eiger Biopharma and ARUP Laboratories Focuses on Deadly Form of Viral Hepatitis. Read more.

    Living with Hepatitis B: Hepatitis B Foundation Launches Patient Storytelling Campaign

    October 2016: National nonprofit creates program to help people living with hepatitis B share their stories. Read more.

    Hepatitis B Foundation Applauds CMS Final Decision to Cover Hepatitis B Screening

    September 2016: Hepatitis B screening test added as a preventive service for Medicare beneficiaries. Read more.

    Hepatitis B Foundation Launches Comprehensive New Website to Celebrate 25th Anniversary

    September 2016: National nonprofits new website offers improved user experience, simplified navigation as a trusted global authority for information about hepatitis B. Read more.

    Making the Link Between Viral Hepatitis and Liver Cancer

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    Who Is At Risk Of Having Hepatitis B

    • Anyone who has come in direct contact with hepatitis B virus-infected bodily fluids is at risk.
    • Were born to an hepatitis B virus-infected mother
    • Work or live in a place where you can be exposed to infected blood, such as a healthcare institution or correctional facility
    • Have ever lived with a person infected with chronic hepatitis B virus
    • Have ever had unprotected sex with an infected person
    • Have ever had multiple sexual partners
    • Have ever had a sexually transmitted disease
    • Are a man who has sex with men
    • Have your blood filtered by a machine because your kidneys arent working
    • Have ever traveled to or are born in countries where hepatitis B virus is common, including places in Africa, Central and Southeast Asia, and Eastern Europe

    Screening For Chronic Hepatitis B

    Screening can help identify chronic hepatitis B early, so that necessary care, including antiviral therapy and/or surveillance for disease progression, may be considered.12

    The USPSTF, CDC, and AASLD recommend screening the following patients5,13-16:

    • People born in regions with prevalence of HBV infection 2%
    • US-born people not vaccinated as infants whose parents were born in regions with prevalence of HBV infection 8%
    • Household and sexual contacts of people with HBV infection
    • All pregnant women
    • Men who have sex with men
    • Injection drug users
    • People with certain medical conditions
    • Needing immunosuppressive therapy
    • Infected with HCV or HIV

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    Why Is It Important To Support The Hepatitis B Foundation

    Gosh, where should I start? First off, support this cause if you care about people living with hepatitis B. Because honestly, many people dont. Most people dont know much about hepatitis B, and people dont support things they dont know much about or care about. So, if you are one of the few that do, please consider it, because there arent enough of us. We NEED you.

    Second, if you do care about people living with hepatitis B, the Hepatitis B Foundation should be on your giving radar. Your support would mean so much, because we have so much to do together.

    If youve made it this far on our website, you probably already know that 300 million people in the world have hepatitis B. Every 40 seconds, someone dies of liver cancer as a result of hepatitis B. Maybe you know someone who has hepatitis B, died of liver cancer, or maybe you have hepatitis B yourself. YOU. MATTER.

    This website is full of information about what the team is doing across the globe to eliminate hepatitis B. Theyve accomplished so much this past year that will help us gain more momentum in 2023 and beyond. We have to leverage those gains!

    This team is a group of WARRIORS. They are so smart and so dedicated, it blows my mind.

    Chronic Hepatitis B Treatment Goals

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    When a patient has been diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B, clinical endpoints of therapy include5,17:

    • Achieving sustained suppression of HBV replication
    • ALT normalization
    • Reducing the risk of liver damage
    • HBeAg and HBsAg loss with or without seroconversion

    AASLD=American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases ALT=alanine aminotransferase CDC=Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HBeAg=hepatitis B envelope antigen HBsAg=hepatitis B surface antigen HCV=hepatitis C virus USPSTF=U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.

    aHepatocellular carcinoma may occur in patients with chronic HBV without cirrhosis.4

    IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

    BOXED WARNING: POSTTREATMENT SEVERE ACUTE EXACERBATION OF HEPATITIS B

    • Discontinuation of anti-hepatitis B therapy, including VEMLIDY, may result in severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B. Hepatic function should be monitored closely with both clinical and laboratory follow-up for at least several months in patients who discontinue anti-hepatitis B therapy, including VEMLIDY. If appropriate, resumption of anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted.

    Warnings and Precautions

    Adverse Reactions

    Most common adverse reactions in clinical studies through week 144 were headache, upper respiratory tract infection, abdominal pain, cough, back pain, arthralgia, fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, dyspepsia, and pyrexia.

    Drug Interactions

    Dosage and Administration

    INDICATION

    IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

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    Cvs Shingles Vaccine Appointment Process

    Now lets talk about the biggest query of the day, which is the CVS shingles vaccine appointment process. We will talk about it in a step-by-step manner so kindly read all the steps very carefully.

    • First of all, you have to click on the above-given button, which will directly take you to the official website of CVS Health and pharmacy.
    • The above-given button will also redirect you to the shingles vaccine page.
    • Here you will find two options. The first will be a CVS pharmacy, and the other will be a minute clinic. We will suggest you go with CVS pharmacy as minute clinics are not available in every location in the United States.
    • Now it will present you with a questionnaire starting from your symptoms for COVID-19 to the birthdate of the patient. Kindly fill in all the details and move ahead.
    • On the next page, it will ask you which vaccine you are going to get with disappointment. As we are looking for shingles vaccines, kindly click on the options center named shingles.

    Kindly remember, that you will have to get two shingles vaccines. Every time you create a previous shingles vaccine appointment, it will ask you about the number of those. You can select first, second, or I dont know those.

    This step is the most important to make sure you are selecting the right pharmacy and the right time. The pharmacy is going to provide you with a vaccine around the time you have entered for your appointment. And you should also make sure you are selecting the time of the right pharmacy.

    Search For A Clinical Trial

    Clinical trials are research studies that test how well new medical approaches work in people. Before an experimental treatment can be tested on human subjects in a clinical trial, it must have shown benefit in laboratory testing or animal research studies. The most promising treatments are then moved into clinical trials, with the goal of identifying new ways to safely and effectively prevent, screen for, diagnose, or treat a disease.

    Speak with your doctor about the ongoing progress and results of these trials to get the most up-to-date information on new treatments. Participating in a clinical trial is a great way to contribute to curing, preventing and treating liver disease and its complications.

    Start your search here to find clinical trials that need people like you.

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