Saturday, September 16, 2023

How Do You Catch Hepatitis C From Another Person

Can You Get Hep C From Recreational Drug Use

Hepatitis C: Get the Facts

The main way is spread is blood-to-blood, says Rena Fox, M.D., a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, and an internist and hepatitis specialist at UCSF Health. So any activity where you might come in contact with another persons blood, like sharing needles, puts you at risk.

In fact, sharing needles and syringes is the most common way hepatitis C is spread, says Dr. Fox. We started seeing the number of new cases per year rise again about four or five years ago, along with an increase in heroin use with the opioid epidemic, she says. If people become addicted to prescription opiates, but then lose access to them, she explains, they may turn to heroin which often involves sharing needles.

If You Have Hepatitis C

  • See your health care provider regularly.
  • Tell current and recent sex partners that you have hepatitis C.
  • Get vaccinated against hepatitis A and hepatitis B.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Avoid spreading hepatitis C to others by:
  • Having safer sex and using condoms during all sexual contact.
  • Not sharing used or unclean needles and sex toys.
  • Not donating blood, blood products, or organs.
  • Cleaning all blood spills even those that have already dried. Use a mixture of bleach and water . Even dried blood is a risk to others.
  • Not sharing personal care items like razors, toothbrushes, nail clippers or earrings.
  • Not sharing glucose-monitoring equipment.
  • Asking your sexual partner to be tested for hepatitis C .
  • If you have hepatitis C, you can prevent liver damage by not drinking alcohol and by getting vaccinated for hepatitis A and hepatitis B.

    What Are The Chances Of Getting Hepatitis C From Sex

    Hepatitis C can spread through sexual intercourse, but it’s rare. And it’s extremely rare among monogamous couples. In fact, the CDC considers the risk of sexual transmission between monogamous couples so low that it doesn’t even recommend using condoms. Also, there’s no evidence that hepatitis C is spread by oral sex. But you should avoid sharing razors, toothbrushes, and nail clippers, and sex during menstruation.

    If you have HIV or if you have multiple partners, you should take precautions. Using condoms will protect you and your partners.

    You May Like: Signs And Symptoms Of Hepatitis C Virus

    What Are The Symptoms Of Hepatitis C

    Most people infected with hepatitis C have no symptoms. Some people with an acute hepatitis C infection may have symptoms within 1 to 3 months after they are exposed to the virus. These symptoms may include

    • yellowish eyes and skin, called jaundice

    If you have chronic hepatitis C, you most likely will have no symptoms until complications develop, which could be decades after you were infected. For this reason, hepatitis C screening is important, even if you have no symptoms.

    What Are The Long

    Early Signs And Symptoms Of Hepatitis C

    Without treatment, chronic hepatitis C can cause the liver to stop working properly. This scarring of the liver is called cirrhosis. A small number of people with cirrhosis develop liver cancer. Other than a liver transplant, theres no cure for cirrhosis. But, treatments can help relieve some of the symptoms.

    Recommended Reading: Can You Get Hepatitis C From Kissing

    How Do You Get Hepatitis C

    Hepatitis C is most commonly spread through blood-to-blood contact. It is very infectious and the virus can stay alive outside the body for up to several weeks.

    The infection can be spread by:

    • sharing needles and syringes, particularly when injecting drugs

    • medical and dental equipment that has not been properly sterilised

    • the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.

    • unsterilised tattoo and body piercing equipment

    • sharing contaminated razors, toothbrushes or towels .

    It can be transmitted sexually, especially during or other types of sex that may involve blood, although this is less common. Sharing uncovered or unwashed sex toys can also pass it on.

    The risk of hepatitis C infection is increased when you have another STI especially one that causes sores. People with HIV are also more likely to get hepatitis C.

    The virus can also be passed on from a pregnant woman to her unborn baby. For more details on hepatitis C in pregnancy read our in detail tab.

    Giving Blood And Organ Donation

    If you have hepatitis C, you cannot give blood.

    In a recent research study in America kidneys from people with hepatitis C who had died were transplanted into patients who did not have the virus.

    All of the recipients subsequently contracted hepatitis C but were treated for it and all were cured. The benefit of receiving a kidney outweighed the risk of not clearing hepatitis C.

    Also Check: How Do You Get Tested For Hepatitis C

    Who Is At Risk Of Hepatitis C

    Anyone can get hepatitis C. It is important for peopleat high risk of infection to be tested and treated forhepatitis C. In the U.S., you are at a higher risk if you:

    • Have ever used a needle to inject drugs, even if once and long ago
    • Had a blood transfusion or organ transplant before 1992
    • Are a health care worker who had blood exposure to mucous membranes or to non-intact skin, or a needlestick injury
    • Have ever been on kidney dialysis
    • Were born of a mother who had hepatitis C at the time
    • Are a Vietnam-era Veteran
    • Had contact with hepatitis-C-positive blood to nonintact skin or to mucous membranes
    • Received tattoos or body piercings in non-regulated settings
    • Have ever snorted drugs or shared drug equipment
    • Have liver disease
    • Have a history of alcohol abuse
    • Have hemophilia and received clotting factor before 1987
    • Have had a sexual partner with hepatitis C, now or in the past
    • Have had 10 or more lifetime sexual partners
    • Have HIV infection

    The only way to know if you haveHepatitis C is to be tested. VA offershepatitis C testing and treatment toenrolled Veterans.

    What Are The Tests For Hepatitis C

    The Three Unwise Monkeys learn what hepatitis A, B and C are.

    There are two blood tests needed to diagnose hepatitis C:

    The antibody testâcalled HCV antibody, HCV Ab, or anti-HCVâis done first. If this test is positive, it means that you have been infected with hepatitis C at some point in the past. If your antibody test is negative, then you have never been infected with hepatitis C if you were infected within the past month or so, the test may not be accurate you may needed to be retested at a later date.

    However, a positive antibody test does not tell you if you still have hepatitis C. For that, you need to have a HCV RNA test, which determines whether the virus itself is in the bloodstream.

    If any RNA is present in the blood after 6 months from time of infection, then you have chronic hepatitis C.

    If no RNA is detected in the blood after 6 months, you no longer have hepatitis C.

    Recommended Reading: Long Term Effects Of Hepatitis C

    What Are The Chances Of Getting Hep C Sexually

    Hepatitis C can be transmitted through sexual activity, but it is uncommon. It is estimated that among heterosexual couples, the risk of getting hepatitis C through sexual activity is approximately 1 in 380,000 individuals. However, you are at a greater risk of getting hepatitis C if you have a sexually transmitted infection or have sex with multiple partners.

    Can You Pass Hepatitis C To A Sex Partner

    Sex and Sexuality

    Yes, but it is not likely. Compared to hepatitis B virus and the human immunodeficiency virus , it is less likely that you will spread the hepatitis C virus to your sex partner.

    If you have one long-term sex partner, and one of you has hepatitis C and one of you does not, you do not need to change your sex habits at all. But, if either you or your partner is worried about the small chance of spreading the hepatitis C virus, you can use latex condoms. This will make it almost impossible to spread the virus. Long-term partners of people with hepatitis C should get tested for the virus. If the test is negative, you will probably not need to repeat it.

    If you have more than one sex partner, you are more likely to spread the virus. In this case, reduce the number of sex partners you have, practice safer sex, and always use latex condoms.

    There have been outbreaks of sexually transmitted HCV infection among men who have HIV and who have sex with men. It is recommended that men who have sex with men use condoms to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted HCV and other sexually transmitted infections.

    Read Also: How Long Does Hepatitis C Take To Show Up

    Unregulated Tattoos And Body Piercings

    Tattoos and body piercings use needles that pierce through your skin. Each piercing brings more opportunities for the needle to come in contact with infected blood. If you get a tattoo or body piercing using the same needle that’s been exposed to infected blood, it puts you at greater risk of contracting hepatitis C.

    How To Prevent Hepatitis C

    Know Your Germs!

    There is currently no vaccine for hepatitis C. Avoiding contact with infected blood is the only way to prevent the condition.

    The most common way for people to contract hepatitis C is by injecting street drugs. Because of this, the best way to prevent hepatitis C is to avoid injecting.

    Treatments can help many people quit. People in the U.S. can call the National Helpline for help with finding treatments.

    If a person finds it difficult to stop, they can reduce the risk of contracting hepatitis C by never sharing drug equipment, ensuring a clean, hygienic environment, and always using new equipment, including syringes, ties, alcohol swabs, cottons, and cookers.

    People who may come into contact with infected blood, such as healthcare workers and caretakers, should always wash the hands thoroughly with soap and water after any contact, or suspected contact, with blood. They should also wear gloves when touching another persons blood or open wounds.

    People can also reduce their risk by making sure that any tattoo artist or body piercer they visit uses fresh, sterile needles and unopened ink.

    The risk of contracting hepatitis C through sexual contact is low. Using barrier protection, such as condoms, reduces the risk of most sexually transmitted infections.

    People who have hepatitis C can reduce the risk of transmitting it to others by:

    There are many misconceptions about how hepatitis C spreads. People cannot transmit or contract the virus through:

    Recommended Reading: Cost Of Interferon Treatment For Hepatitis B

    Hepatitis C Symptoms And Treatment

    The virus is usually passed on through using contaminated needles and syringes or other items with infected blood on them. It can also be passed on through unprotected sex, especially when blood is present.

    It often has no noticeable symptoms. Some peoples bodies can clear the infection on their own but others may develop chronic hepatitis C and will need to take antiviral treatment to cure the infection and prevent liver damage.

  • Test your knowledge of STIs
  • Encouraging Others To Get Tested For Hepatitis C

    While the odds of passing on the hepatitis C virus are low, you should still tell anyone at risk that you have hepatitis C. You should tell sexual partners, spouses, and family members. Your infection may be difficult to discuss, but anyone at potential risk must know. That way, they can get tested and treated if needed. Read more on why you should get tested for hepatitis C.

    Show Sources

    Paul Berk, MD, professor of medicine and emeritus chief of the division of liver disease, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York City chairman of the board, American Liver Foundation.

    Alan Franciscus, executive director, Hepatitis C Support Project and editor-in-chief of HCV Advocate, San Francisco.

    Thelma King Thiel, chair and CEO, Hepatitis Foundation International.

    David Thomas, MD, professor of medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore.

    Howard J. Worman, MD, associate professor of medicine and anatomy and cell biology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York City.

    The American Gastroenterological Association.

    Read Also: Who Should Get Hepatitis B Vaccine

    What Causes Hepatitis C

    The hepatitis C virus causes hepatitis C. The hepatitis C virus spreads through contact with an infected persons blood. Contact can occur by

    • sharing drug needles or other drug materials with an infected person
    • getting an accidental stick with a needle that was used on an infected person
    • being tattooed or pierced with tools or inks that were not kept sterilefree from all viruses and other microorganismsand were used on an infected person before they were used on you
    • having contact with the blood or open sores of an infected person
    • using an infected persons razor, toothbrush, or nail clippers
    • being born to a mother with hepatitis C
    • having unprotected sex with an infected person

    You cant get hepatitis C from

    • being coughed or sneezed on by an infected person
    • drinking water or eating food
    • hugging an infected person
    • shaking hands or holding hands with an infected person
    • sharing spoons, forks, and other eating utensils
    • sitting next to an infected person

    A baby cant get hepatitis C from breast milk.18

    Recommended Reading: Can Hepatitis C Cause Mental Illness

    Can Hepatitis C Be Prevented

    Autoimmune Hepatitis (Lupoid hepatitis)

    There is no vaccine to protect against hepatitis C.

    You should avoid sharing needles, syringes or other equipment when injecting medication or drugs.

    Avoiding blood-to-blood contact, including during sex, will help prevent infection.

    If you have hepatitis C, you cannot donate blood or sperm.

    )

    Recommended Reading: Where Can I Get Hepatitis B Vaccine

    Sharing Toothbrushes Scissors And Razors

    There’s a potential risk that hepatitis C may be passed on through sharing items such as toothbrushes, razors and scissors, as they can become contaminated with infected blood.

    Equipment used by hairdressers, such as scissors and clippers, can pose a risk if it has been contaminated with infected blood and not sterilised or cleaned between customers. However, most salons operate to high standards, so this risk is low.

    Hiv And Hepatitis C Coinfection

    HCV infection is common among people with HIV who also inject drugs. Nearly 75% of people living with HIV who report a history of injection drug use are co-infected with HCV. All people who are diagnosed with HIV are recommended to be tested for HCV at least once. People living with HIV are at greater risk for complications and death from HCV infection. Fortunately, direct acting antivirals that are used to treat HCV work equally well in people with and without HIV infection. For more information about HIV and HCV coinfection, visit the HIV.govs pages about hepatitis C and HIV coinfection.

    Recommended Reading: Hepatitis E Causes And Treatment

    How Is Hepatitis C Spread

    In Canada, most people are infected by:

    • using or sharing drug paraphernalia contaminated with infected blood, including:
  • receiving body services that use unclean tools or work practices, such as:
  • sharing personal care items with an infected person, such as:
  • If you have hepatitis C, you can pass the virus to your baby during:

    • breastfeeding if your nipples are cracked and bleeding, and your baby also has bleeding in or on the mouth
    • it can be hard to tell if a baby has bleeding in or on the mouth
    • cracked nipples may not be bleeding but may begin to during breastfeeding

    You can also be infected if you receive contaminated:

    Although rare, hepatitis C can also be spread through unprotected sex especially if it involves blood contact, such as:

    • open sores, cuts or wounds
  • through rough sex, including:
  • bondage and sexual satisfaction through pain
  • Unprotected sex means having sex without using a condom or other barrier safely.

    Hepatitis C is not spread through:

    Effective Treatments Are Available For Hepatitis C

    ANSWER SOLUTION: Attempt All the case Case

    New medication to treat for HCV have been approved in recent years. These treatments are much better than the previously available treatment because they have few side effects and do not need to be injected. There are several direct-acting antiviral HCV treatments that cure more than 95% of people who take them in 8 to 12 weeks. HCV treatment dramatically reduces deaths among people with HCV infection, and people who are cured of HCV are much less likely to develop cirrhosis or liver cancer.

    Take Action! CDCs National Prevention Information Network Service Locator helps consumers locate hepatitis B and hepatitis C prevention, care, and treatment services.

    Recommended Reading: Hepatitis B Vaccine Rite Aid

    Staying Healthy With Hepatitis

    Not everyone needs treatment right away, but its important to be monitored regularly by an experienced doctor and discuss treatment options of the best way to keep you healthy.

    • Get vaccinated against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
    • Avoid alcohol and drugs
    • Eat a healthy & balanced diet. Include a lot of vegetables and fruits try to stay away from too much salt, sugar and fat.
    • Exercise regularly. Walking is one of the best exercises, and it helps to make you feel less tired.
    • Check with a health professional before taking any prescription pills, supplements, or over-the-counter medications.
    • Do not share razors, nail clippers, needles or other items that come in contact with blood with other people.

    How Is Hepatitis C Treated

    There are some very effective options for the treatment of hepatitis C infection. They are listed on the Medicare PBS , which makes them available at a much lower cost.

    Newer treatments differ from those available previously:

    • they cure more than 95% of people
    • their side effects are minimal
    • treatments last just 8 to 12 weeks
    • they involve just a few pills each day, with no injections required

    Curing hepatitis C means clearing the virus from the body. It helps reduce liver inflammation and can also help reverse scarring and cirrhosis. You can be re-treated if your treatment doesnt work the first time.

    You should check with your doctor before taking any other medication or supplements, and whether you need vaccinations against hepatitis A and hepatitis B. You should also avoid alcohol if you have hepatitis. If you have liver damage, you may also need to see a liver specialist

    For more information on how to get treatment, contact the National Hepatitis Info Line on 1800 437 222.

    Also Check: Hepatitis B Antiviral Drugs Cost

    Popular Articles
    Related news