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Hepatitis B Core Total Ab

What Does The Test Measure

Hepatitis B Core Antibody Test Total I Total HbcAb Test I Viral Markers

Hepatitis B testing looks for antigens, antibodies, or the genetic material of the hepatitis B virus. HBV antigens are substances from the virus that cause a patients body to produce an immune response. Antibodies are substances made by the immune system in response to the hepatitis B virus.

Initial tests for hepatitis B measure antibodies and antigens related to HBV including:

If a patient is diagnosed with hepatitis B based on these initial tests, additional hepatitis B testing may be used to monitor the disease, guide treatment, and determine if a person can spread hepatitis B to others. These additional tests may include:

  • Hepatitis B e antigen : Hepatitis B e antigen is a protein from the hepatitis B virus found in some patients who are positive for hepatitis B surface antigen. Measuring this antigen can help doctors understand infectivity, which describes a persons ability to spread HBV to others.

Hepatitis B Core Antigen Total Test

Hepatitis B Core Antigen Total, also known as Anti-HBc, HBcAb Total test is a blood test to detect acute and chronic Hepatitis B virus infections. The tests look for different signs of infection such as the Antigens, made by the viruses Antibodies, made by the body to fight the infection and Hepatitis B DNA, which is the genes of the virus and confirms its presence. The test detects both Hepatitis antibodies IgM and IgG,, and Hepatitis B core antigen. Those who had Hepatitis B vaccine will not have the core antibody in their blood.

No special preparation or fasting required. Biotin or Vitamin-B supplement consumption should be stopped at least 72 hours prior to the collection. About 2 ml of blood sample is taken from the vein in the arm. An elastic band is wrapped on the upper arm to restrict blood flow. This makes the veins visible and makes inserting the needle easy. The spot is cleaned with alcohol. The needle is inserted and when sufficient blood is collected, the armband is removed. The needle is withdrawn and the spot is pressed with a cotton swab.

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Hbc Antibody Positive/hbs Antigen Negative/hbs Antibody Positive

There are reports of HBV reactivation in HBc-ab negative/HBs-ag positive/HBs-ab positive cases, and reactivation occurred in 6.9% of them. HBV reactivation in HBc antibody negative/HBs antigen negative/HBs antibody positive cases has also been reported , and reactivation was reported in 3.4% of them.

Particular attention must be paid to patients with < 300 mIU/mL of HBs antibody during maintenance treatment with rituximab since the HBs antibody status might become negative .

Since HBV reactivation was reported even in patients with a high HBs antibody titer, HBs antibody follow-up is not sufficient for detecting the occurrence of reactivation. Monthly follow-up for the presence of HBV-DNA is necessary during treatment.

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What Does It Mean If Your Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Is Negative

Your test results may not mean you have a problem. Ask your healthcare provider what your test results mean for you. Normal results are negative or nonreactive, meaning that no hepatitis B surface antigen was found. If your test is positive or reactive, it may mean you are actively infected with HBV.

Hepatitis B Core Antibody Blood Test Igm

Hepatitis B core antigen  Total Antibodies (HBC)  Red Dot Path Lab

A Hepatitis B Core Antibody Blood Test, IgM, measures HBcAb which is an antibody produced in response to the core-antigen, a component of the Hepatitis B virus.

Also Known As: Anti-HBc, IgM, Antibody to Hepatitis B Core Antigen, IgM, HBcAb, IgM.

Methodology: Immunochemiluminometric assay

Preparation: No fasting required. Stop biotin consumption at least 72 hours prior to the collection.

Test Results: 1-2 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

Also Known As: Anti-HBc, IgM, Antibody to Hepatitis B Core Antigen, IgM, HBcAb, IgM.

Methodology: Immunoassay

Preparation: No fasting required. Stop biotin consumption at least 72 hours prior to the collection.

Test Results: 1-2 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

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Hbc Antibody Positive/hbs Antigen Negative/hbs Antibody Negative

The HBc antibody positive/HBs antigen negative serotype is further divided into naïve and occult types . However, since HBV reactivation is often observed in HBc antibody positive/HBs antigen negative cases, it may be preferable to divide HBc antibody positive/HBs antigen negative cases based on whether they are positive or negative for HBs antibodies. For HBc antibody positive patients, perhaps HBV reactivation is induced by rituximab. Although Hui et al reported a 3%-25% reactivation rate, prophylactic treatment may be desirable since the mortality is relatively high after reactivation occurs. In 2013, Huang et al conducted a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of the prophylactic administration of entecavir on the frequency of HBV reactivation in HBc antibody positive patients. In their report, unlike in retrospective analyses, the prophylactic administration of entecavir was the most important factor, at least for HBc antibody positive patients. Furthermore, Seto et al recently reported frequent reactivation of HBV in patients with 10 mIU/mL HBs antibody prior to rituximab treatment. In HBc antibody positive patients, prophylactic treatment is necessary, at least for those who are antibody negative prior to rituximab treatment . We believe that the prophylactic administration of a nucleic acid analog is preferable in HBc antibody positive/HBs antigen negative/HBs antibody negative cases.

Negative But Other Hepatitis Tests Are Positive

Your HBsAb test may be negative even when other hepatitis B tests are positive, showing active or chronic infection. Further testing is necessary, especially for the hepatitis B surface antigen , which shows that the virus itself is circulating in your bloodstream and that you have an active or chronic infection.

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Discusses Physiology Pathophysiology And General Clinical Aspects As They Relate To A Laboratory Test

Hepatitis B core antibodies appear shortly after the onset of symptoms of hepatitis B infection and soon after the appearance of hepatitis B surface antigen . Initially, anti-HBc Ab consist almost entirely of the IgM class, followed by appearance of anti-HBc IgG, for which there is no commercial diagnostic assay.

The anti-HBc total antibodies test, which detects both IgM and IgG antibodies, and the test for anti-HBc IgM antibodies may be the only markers of a recent hepatitis B infection detectable in the window period. The window period begins with the clearance of HBsAg and ends with the appearance of antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen . Anti-HBc total Ab may be the only serologic marker remaining years after exposure to hepatitis B.

This assay is FDA-approved for in vitro diagnostic use and not for screening cell, tissue, and blood donors.

Immunoassay For The Qualitative Determination Of Total Antibodies Against Hepatitis B Core Antigen

Hepatitis B Serology: Surface Antigen (HBsAg), Surface Antibody (anti-HBs), Core Antibody (anti-HBc)

The hepatitis B virus consists of an external envelope and an inner core . The hepatitis core antigen comprises 183 185 amino acids.1 During an infection with HBV, antibodies to HBcAg are generally formed soon after the appearance of HBsAg, the initial antibody being mostly IgM class, which then declines in titer as levels of anti-HBc IgG start increasing.2 Anti-HBc positivity persists in persons who have recovered from HBV infection and in those who progress to chronic HBV infection.3,4 Accordingly, they are an indicator of existing or past HBV infection.5 In rare cases, HBV infection can also run its course without the appearance of immunologically detectable anti-HBc .7 Anti-HBc is not produced after vaccination.4,7

Due to the persistence of anti-HBc following HBV infection, screening for anti-HBc can be used to identify previously infected individuals.8 Determination of anti-HBc in association with other hepatitis B tests permits the diagnosis and monitoring of HBV infections.3,4 In the absence of other hepatitis B markers , anti-HBc may be the only indication of an existing HBV infection.5,9

  • Seeger, C., Zoulim, F., Mason, W.S. . Hepadnaviruses. In: Fields Virology, Knipe DM, Howley RM , 5th edition, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, USA. Chapter 76, 2977-3029.
  • Liang, T.J. . Hepatitis B: the virus and disease. Hepatology 49, 13-21.
  • Liaw, Y.F., Chu, C.M. . Hepatitis B virus infection. Lancet 373, 582-592.
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    Do I Really Need To Undergo This Test

    Some of the overriding reasons your doctor has advised this test for you could be the following: Risk category of hepatitis B infection Suspicions of a liver infection Contact with infected people or contaminated fluids Symptoms of hepatitis B infection such as fever, abdominal pain, extreme tiredness, nausea, reduced appetite or discolored urine

    Why It Is Done

    Hepatitis B testing is done to:

    • Find the type of infection and see if an infection has occurred recently or in the past.
    • Screen people who have a higher chance of getting or spreading hepatitis B. This includes doctors, dentists, and nurses.
    • Screen blood donors and donor organs to prevent the spread of hepatitis B.
    • Find out if a person has antibodies after getting a hepatitis B vaccination. Having antibodies means the vaccine worked.
    • Find out if hepatitis B is the cause of abnormal liver function tests.
    • See how well treatment of chronic hepatitis B is working.

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    What Do My Test Results Mean

    Your age, gender, and medical history will also be factors that will come into play for the results of the test. Your healthcare provider is the best person who can help you with decoding your test results. If the result is Non-reactive or Negative, it indicates the absence of Hepatitis B core IgM antibodies in the blood. It means there is no recent or earlier HBV infection in the blood. If your test result is positive, it shows the presence of acute hepatitis B infection. The IgM anti-HBcshows up in the blood at about the same time symptoms manifest. The time taken to completely recover from this infection is about 06 months this also means that you will develop immunity from the HBV virus. Therefore, you will not contribute to the spread of the infection. Doctors recommend a followup of blood tests for hepatitis after 6 months. In case, you do not recover in 6months, then it is a far greater problem as the virus stays in the blood. It can damage the liver as well as spread the infection to others.

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    Is Hepatitis B Contagious

    What Is Hepatitis B Core Ab

    Hepatitis B is highly contagious. It spreads through contact with infected blood and certain other bodily fluids. Although the virus can be found in saliva, its not spread through sharing utensils or kissing. It also doesnt spread through sneezing, coughing, or breastfeeding. Symptoms of hepatitis B may not appear for 3 months after exposure and can last for 212 weeks. However, you are still contagious, even

    To screen for hepatitis B, your doctor will perform a series of blood tests.

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    Questions For Your Doctor About Test Results

    Patients may find it helpful to ask questions about their hepatitis B test results. Questions that may be helpful include:

    • What was my test result?
    • Do I have an acute or chronic hepatitis B infection?
    • Does the test result suggest that I have immunity for hepatitis B?
    • Would I benefit from hepatitis B vaccination?
    • Do I need any follow-up tests based on my hepatitis B test results?

    Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Test

    A hepatitis B surface antigen test shows if youre contagious. A positive result means you have hepatitis B and can spread the virus. A negative result means you dont currently have hepatitis B. This test doesnt distinguish between chronic and acute infection. This test is used together with other hepatitis B tests to determine the .

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    Is Hepatitis B Core Antibody Contagious

    If this test is positive or reactive, then your immune system has successfully developed a protective antibody against the hepatitis B virus. This will provide long-term protection against future hepatitis B infection. Someone who is HBsAb+ is not infected and cannot pass the virus to others.

    What is antibody to hepatitis B core antigen?

    Antibody to hepatitis B core antigen is one of the most classical serological markers in HBV infection. Unlike antibody to HBsAg, it is not a protective marker that appears by itself and cannot be used to differentiate acute infections from chronic ones.

    What is the difference between hep B core antibody and surface antibody?

    The basic blood test for hepatitis B consists of three screening tests: a hepatitis B surface antigen test, which determines whether a person currently has the infection a hepatitis B core antibody test, which determines whether a person has ever been infected and a hepatitis B surface antibody test, which determines

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    Why Do I Need This Test

    Isolated Hepatitis B Core Antibody in People with HIV Infection

    You may need this test if your healthcare provider suspects you have a liver infection caused by HBV. You may also need this test if you have symptoms of hepatitis B. Symptoms usually start slowly. Many people have no symptoms or only feel like they have a mild case of the flu. You may not have symptoms until the infection is chronic or severe.

    The most common symptom is extreme tiredness. Other symptoms may include:

    • Swelling and confusion. This is in extreme cases.

    You may also have this test if you have a history that puts you at risk for being in contact with the virus. Risk factors for hepatitis B infection include:

    • Having sex with someone infected with the virus

    • Living in close contact with someone who has the virus

    • Being a man who has sex with men

    • Being a child born to a mother who has the virus

    • Sharing needles for intravenous drug use

    • Working in a healthcare center where you are exposed to blood

    • Getting a blood transfusion or organ transplant. This is less common with active screening.

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    Understanding Changes In Biomarkers During Disease Progression

    Understanding the changes in HBV biomarkers over the course of a persons infection and recovery is key to interpreting the test results. Figure 3-1 and Figure 3-2 depict the typical biomarker changes over the course of hepatitis B disease.

    Figure 3-1. Typical serologic course of acute hepatitis B to recovery

    Acute, resolved, and chronic hepatitis BApproximately 90% of people > 5 years of age with acute hepatitis B will spontaneously clear their infection . People with resolved hepatitis B will remain positive for total anti-HBc and develop anti-HBs that protect against future HBV infection . Chronic hepatitis B is defined as an HBV infection lasting > 6 months. During the typical course of chronic infection, the total anti-HBc and HBsAg markers will always be present, whereas anti-HBc IgM will disappear . Hepatitis B e antigen and hepatitis B e antibody are variably present. HBV DNA levels vary during the course of chronic infection. Any detectable HBV DNA level is considered positive for surveillance purposes.

    HBV-infected people with mutations in HBsAg that cannot be detected by current serologic assays may present with a negative HBsAg result despite high blood levels of HBV DNA. Some laboratories have the capacity to detect HBsAg mutants. Any HD interested in determining which laboratories can detect HBsAg mutants should follow-up with the major laboratories that perform HBsAg testing in their jurisdiction.

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    Hepatitis B Core Antibody Total Blood Test

    A Hepatitis B Core Antibody Total Blood Test is used to find out if you are infected with the hepatitis B virus.

    Also Known As: Anti-HBc Antibody to Hepatitis B Core Antigen HBcAb Total

    Methodology: Immunochemiluminometric assay

    Preparation: No fasting required. Stop biotin consumption at least 72 hours prior to the collection.

    Test Results: 2-3 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

    Also Known As: Anti-HBc Antibody to Hepatitis B Core Antigen HBcAb Total

    Methodology: Immunoassay

    Preparation: No fasting required. Stop biotin consumption at least 72 hours prior to the collection.

    Test Results: 2-3 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

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    What Is The Most Challenging Aspect Of Hepatitis B Infection

    Hepatitis B can very easily escape diagnosis, as most victims do not know they are suffering can spread the disease. This is because symptoms are almost negligible during the onset of hepatitis B infection. Although the infection is treatable and largely preventable, yet early diagnosis can go a long way in the better prognosis of the condition. Further, even though there are good treatment options for hepatitis B, close to a million people with the infection do not make it.Asian countries portray a high prevalence of hepatitis B. This infection is very common among high-risk groups such as people with multiple sex partners, homosexuals, injection drug users or people staying lose to victims of Hepatitis B.

    Hepatitis B Core Antibody Total Test

    Pin on Health &  Fitness

    This test looks for the presence of Hepatitis B Core Antibodies. Hep B is a viral liver infection that is spread through exposure to infected blood or bodily fluids. It is the most common cause of acute viral Hepatitis. Core antibodies are produced by the bodys immune system in response to the inner core of the hepatitis B virus. There are 2 types of core antibodies. IgM antibodies develop shortly after infection and fade away after a short period of time. As IgM antibody levels go down, IgG antibodies begin to develop and usually persist indefinitely. The core antibody test looks for both IgM and IgG antibodies but does not differentiate between them. Results of this test are qualitative and provide a positive or negative result.

    The presence of core HBc antibodies typically indicates that a person either had Hepatitis B in the past or has a current infection. The results of this test cannot distinguish between an active or past infection. A core antibody test is most useful when taken along with other tests such as a Hep B Surface Antigen and Hepatitis B Surface Antibody. A positive core antibody along with a positive surface antigen typically indicates a recent or current infection. A positive core antibody along with a positive surface antibody typically indicates that a person has had Hep B in the past, recovered, and now has immunity from future infection. Request A Test offers a Hepatitis B Panel which includes all 3 tests at a discounted price.

    Requirements:

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