Monday, January 23, 2023

What Can You Get Hepatitis From

Common Symptoms Of Hepatitis

What is Hepatitis C and Why Should You Care?

If you are living with a chronic form of hepatitis, like hepatitis B and C, you may not show symptoms until the damage affects liver function. By contrast, people with acute hepatitis may present with symptoms shortly after contracting a hepatitis virus.

Common symptoms of infectious hepatitis include:

It is crucial to understand what is causing hepatitis in order to treat it correctly. Doctors will progress through a series of tests to accurately diagnose your condition.

What If You Test Positive

If a test says you have viral hepatitis, you can take steps to protect the ones you love. For hepatitis A, wash hands frequently. For hepatitis B and C, avoid sharing nail clippers, razors, or toothbrushes. Hepatitis B, and sometimes hepatitis C, can be passed through sexual contact. Make sure everyone in your household gets the hepatitis B vaccine. An important step is to see a specialist to discuss treatment options.

How Do You Get Hepatitis B

  • sharing toothbrushes and razors

  • sharing needles for shooting drugs, piercings, tattoos, etc.

  • getting stuck with a needle that has the Hep B virus on it.

Hepatitis B can also be passed to babies during birth if their mother has it.

Hepatitis B isnt spread through saliva , so you CANT get hepatitis B from sharing food or drinks or using the same fork or spoon. Hepatitis B is also not spread through kissing, hugging, holding hands, coughing, sneezing, or breastfeeding.

Also Check: What Are The Warning Signs Of Hepatitis C

Who Is At Risk For Infection

Anyone who is not immune to hepatitis A can get hepatitis A infection. Food-borne outbreaks occur sporadically throughout the USA. Certain groups of people do have a higher risk of developing HAV infection and should be vaccinated:

  • Persons experiencing homelessness
  • People who eat raw or under-cooked shellfish

What Causes Hepatitis In General

Know The ABC
  • Virus and other infections
  • Autoimmune response
  • Metabolic disorders
  • An acute illness caused by the hepatitis A virus .
  • Transmitted through food and water contaminated by feces of infected people.
  • An acute or chronic infection caused by the hepatitis B virus .
  • Transmitted through contact with infectious body fluids. It can be sexually transmitted or transmitted through infected needles.
  • An acute or chronic illness caused by the hepatitis C virus .
  • Transmitted through contact with infectious body fluids. It can be sexually transmitted or transmitted through infected needles.
  • Caused by the hepatitis D virus .
  • Transmitted through contact with infected blood.
  • It is rare, but very serious.
  • It only occurs in the presence of hepatitis B. HDV cannot multiply in the absence of HBV.
  • An acute disease caused by the hepatitis E virus .
  • Like HAV, it is transmitted through food and water contaminated by the feces of infected people.
  • Also Check: What Are The Treatment Options For Hepatitis C

    If You Have Hepatitis C

    • See your health care provider regularly.
    • Tell current and recent sex partners that you have hepatitis C.
    • Get vaccinated against hepatitis A and hepatitis B.
    • Get plenty of rest.
  • Avoid spreading hepatitis C to others by:
  • Having safer sex and using condoms during all sexual contact.
  • Not sharing used or unclean needles and sex toys.
  • Not donating blood, blood products, or organs.
  • Cleaning all blood spills even those that have already dried. Use a mixture of bleach and water . Even dried blood is a risk to others.
  • Not sharing personal care items like razors, toothbrushes, nail clippers or earrings.
  • Not sharing glucose-monitoring equipment.
  • Asking your sexual partner to be tested for hepatitis C .
  • If you have hepatitis C, you can prevent liver damage by not drinking alcohol and by getting vaccinated for hepatitis A and hepatitis B.

    Hepatitis A: Who Is At Risk

    A prime risk factor for hepatitis A is traveling to or living in a country with high infection rates. You can check the CDC’s travel advisories to learn about recent outbreaks. Eating raw foods or drinking tap water can raise your risk while traveling. Children who attend daycare centers also have a higher risk of getting hepatitis A.

    Also Check: How Is Hepatitis A Caused

    How Can You Get Hepatitis C

    Hepatitis C is a blood-borne disease. The main source of infection is from contact with the blood from an infected person.

    Hepatitis C is a blood borne virus that is passed on via blood-to-blood contact. Most people don’t show any symptoms at the time of infection and therefore won’t realise they have been infected. If symptoms are experienced close to the time of infection it may be in the form of a short flu-like illness and also possibly jaundice .

    Note:

    The virus is not passed on during normal social contact, such as holding hands, hugging, or sharing food, cups or crockery.

    What Are Hepatitis B And Hepatitis C

    What you need to know about Hepatitis B

    Although hep A is a short-term illness that goes away completely, hepatitis B and hepatitis C can turn into serious long-term illnesses for some people. Teens and young adults are most at risk for getting these two viruses.

    Hep B and C get passed from person to person the same ways that HIV does through direct contact with infected body fluids. Hepatitis B and C are even more easily passed in fluids and needles than HIV. This can happen through sexual contact and by sharing needles that have been contaminated with infected blood. Even when infected people don’t have any symptoms, they can still pass the disease on to others.

    Sometimes mothers with hep B or C pass the virus along to their babies when they’re born. Hep B and C also can get passed in ways you might not expect such as getting a manicure or pedicure with unsterilized nail clippers or other dirty instruments. Getting a tattoo, if dirty needles are used, is another way someone can get hep B or C.

    You May Like: How Can One Get Hepatitis C

    What Causes Hepatitis A

    Hepatitis A is caused by the hepatitis A virus . The virus is spread when one person ingests tiny unseen pieces of fecal matter from an infected person. It takes about two to seven weeks after exposure to the virus for symptoms to start.

    Water and ice can be contaminated with HAV. Raw shellfish from contaminated water can cause hepatitis A, as can other foods that are not cooked, such as fruits and vegetables.

    What Are Signs Of Hepatitis C

    When you first get hepatitis C, it is called acutehepatitis C. About 15% of people who have acutehepatitis C infection clear the virus from their bodies.The other 85% of people develop a chronic hepatitis C infection. Of these, 50 to 80%, if treated,may be cured.

    Acute hepatitis C: Most people with acutehepatitis C do not have any signs. If signs occur, theaverage time is 6-7 weeks after exposure, but can beless or more. Some people can have mild to severesigns including:

    • Yellow skin or eyes
    • A longer than normal amount of time for bleeding to stop

    You May Like: Hepatitis B Titer Lab Test

    Hepatitis B: How Does It Spread

    You can get it through contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person. In the U.S., its most often spread through unprotected sex. Its also possible to get hepatitis B by sharing an infected persons needles, razors, or toothbrush. And an infected mother can pass the virus to their baby during childbirth. Hepatitis B is not spread by hugging, sharing food, or coughing.

    You May Like: Can You Live With Hepatitis C

    Sharing A Fork Spoon And Glass

    What is Hepatitis B? â Icon Health Screening

    You’re at a restaurant and someone at your table offers a taste of their delicious cheesecake. Should you politely pass? Well, not if you’re worried about catching hepatitis C. Go ahead and taste that dessert because sharing eating utensils doesn’t spread the virus. Also, have a sip of their water, too. Remember, spreading hepatitis C requires direct contact with infected blood, not saliva.

    Don’t Miss: Hepatitis B Can It Be Cured

    Do Adults Need Hep A Vaccine

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends hepatitis A vaccination for all children in the United States when they are one year of age, all children and teens through age 18 who were not pre- viously vaccinated, certain children age 6 through 11 months who are traveling outside the U.S., all adults

    What Is The Prognosis/outlook For Patients Who Have Hepatitis A

    Most cases of hepatitis A are short-lived, but the disease doesnt always look the same for everyone. Some people have short illnesses that only last a few weeks and have mild symptoms. Others can be very ill for several months. Hepatitis A is rarely fatal, but death has happened due to liver failure brought on by HAV. This tends to happen more often in people who are over 50 years old or and in people who have another liver condition.

    Read Also: Interferon Therapy For Hepatitis C

    Is Hepatitis Testing Recommended For People With Hiv

    Yes. Everyone living with HIV should be tested for HBV and HCV when they are first diagnosed with HIV and begin treatment. People living with HIV who have ongoing risk factors for getting hepatitis B or hepatitis C should be tested annually.

    In addition, new HCV screening recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention call for:

    • One-time screening for all adults 18 years and older
    • Screening of all pregnant women during every pregnancy
    • Testing for all persons with risk factors, with testing continued periodic testing those with ongoing risk.

    How Can You Prevent Hepatitis A

    Hepatitis B: Explained

    There is a vaccine, made from an inactivateddeadvirus to prevent hepatitis A. If you are not sure you have had the vaccine, you can ask your doctor to test you to see if you have been vaccinated.

    You can also practice good hand washing hygiene. Make sure you use soap and warm water to wash your hands for at least 15 to 30 seconds after you use the toilet, change diapers, and before and after touching food.

    If you are traveling in another country, especially a developing country, drink only bottled water and use only bottled water to brush your teeth, wash your produce, and freeze for ice cubes.

    Don’t Miss: Is Hepatitis C Sexually Transmissible

    How Is Hepatitis Diagnosed

    Chronic hepatitis can quietly attack the liver for years without causing any symptoms. Unless the infection is diagnosed, monitored, and treated, many of these people will eventually have serious liver damage. Fortunately, blood tests can determine whether you have viral hepatitis, and if so, which kind.

    Who Is Likely To Be Affected By Hepatitis A

    Certain people are more at risk than others for hepatitis A. These include:

    • People who use recreational drugs, both injected and non-injected types.
    • Men who have sex with men.
    • People who have close contact with someone who already is infected.
    • People who have close contact with someone adopted from a country where hepatitis A is common, or people who travel to countries where hepatitis A is common.
    • People who work with non-human primates.
    • People who have clotting factor issues, including hemophilia.
    • People who work in child care, or children who are in childcare.

    Don’t Miss: Do You Die From Hepatitis C

    When Will Symptoms Appear After You Have Been Exposed To Hav

    It generally takes about 4 weeks for symptoms to appear, but they can start at 2 weeks or they can start up to 8 weeks after you have been exposed. You probably wont get every symptom immediately, but they tend to emerge over days.

    Also, you can have no symptoms and have the virus and be contagious. Children especially may be free of symptoms despite being infected.

    How Is Chronic Viral Hepatitis Treated

    Hepatitis B Transmission for Those Newly Diagnosed

    If you have chronic viral hepatitis, your treatment depends on the type of hepatitis you have:

    • Hepatitis B. You will probably meet with your doctor regularly, every six to 12 months, to watch for signs of liver disease and liver cancer. If you plan to become pregnant in the future, talk to your doctor first. You may need antiviral medicines to treat hepatitis B, but many people do not need medicine. The Food and Drug Administration has a list of approved medicines to treat hepatitis B.
    • Hepatitis C. If you have hepatitis C, talk with your doctor about whether you need medicine. Recently approved antiviral medicines treat and may cure hepatitis C in adults. The FDA has a list of approved medicines to treat hepatitis C. If you have health insurance, ask about your copay or coinsurance and which medicines are covered under your plan.

    Dont Miss: Pictures Of Hepatitis Skin Rashes

    Don’t Miss: Can You Cure Chronic Hepatitis C

    What Are The Symptoms Of Hepatitis A

    Symptoms of hepatitis A may include:

    • Stomach pain, vomiting, loss of appetite.
    • Diarrhea, stools that are light in color .
    • Jaundice, which means that skin and eyes are yellow. This happens primarily to older children and adults. Kids younger than 6 years old do not generally have jaundice.
    • Urine that is dark yellow in color.

    Recommended Reading: Hepatitis C Early Symptoms In Females

    Treatment And Prevention Of Hepatitis A

    Because hepatitis A virus infections can have serious health consequences, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends providing post-exposure prophylaxis for unvaccinated people who have consumed any contaminated food or water within two weeks of exposure.

    PEP consists of:

    • Hepatitis A vaccine for people between the ages of 1 and 40 years
    • Hepatitis A virus-specific immunoglobulin for people outside of this age range, but the hepatitis A vaccine can be substituted if IG is not available.
    • Those with evidence of previous vaccination or who can confirm previous hepatitis A illness do not require PEP.

    If you are unsure if you have been vaccinated against hepatitis A, contact your health professional to check your immunization records. If you have been vaccinated, no further action is needed. If you have never received the hepatitis A vaccine, getting a single dose within two weeks of exposure can protect against illness. If you are unable to determine whether you have already been vaccinated, receiving an additional dose of vaccine is not harmful if you have already been vaccinated.

    Also Check: Hepatitis D Signs And Symptoms

    How Does It Affect The Body

    The incubation period for hepatitis B can range from . However, not everyone who has acute hepatitis B will experience symptoms.

    About 95 percent of adults completely recover from hepatitis B. However, hepatitis B can also become chronic.

    The risk of chronic hepatitis B is greatest in those who were exposed to HBV as young children. Many people with chronic hepatitis B dont have symptoms until significant liver damage has occurred.

    In some people whove had hepatitis B, the virus can reactivate later on. When this happens, symptoms and liver damage may occur. People with a weakened immune system and those being treated for hepatitis C are at a higher risk for HBV reactivation.

    Preventing Foodborne Illness At Home

    From Cirrhosis to a Hepatitis C Cure | William’s Story

    Hepatitis A can have serious health consequences. The CDC advises the post-exposure prophylaxis described above for unvaccinated persons who have consumed any products contaminated by the hepatitis A virus.

    To prevent hepatitis A contamination or transmission, consumers should always practice safe food handling and preparation measures by following the steps below:

    • Wash hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds before and after handling raw foods.
    • Thoroughly wash hands after using the bathroom and changing diapers for protection against hepatitis A, as well as other foodborne diseases.
    • Wash the inside walls and shelves of the refrigerator, cutting boards and countertops, and utensils that may have contacted contaminated foods then sanitize them with a solution of one tablespoon of chlorine bleach to one gallon of hot water dry with a clean cloth or paper towel that has not been previously used.
    • Wash hands with warm water and soap following the cleaning and sanitation process.
    • Consumers can also submit a voluntarily report, a complaint, or adverse event related to a food product.

    Don’t Miss: Hepatitis B Vaccine Schedule For Child

    What Is Hepatitis E

    Hepatitis E, also called enteric hepatitis , is similar to hepatitis A, and more prevalent in Asia and Africa. It is also transmitted through the fecal-oral route. It is generally not fatal, though it is more serious in women during pregnancy and can cause fetal complications. Most patients with hepatitis E recover completely.

    How Can I Contract Hepatitis A

    You can contract the hepatitis A virus by eating food or drinking beverages that have been contaminated by human fecal waste.

    Resort activities that may put you at risk for hepatitis A include:

    Eating food handled by an infected worker who did not wash his/her hands properly after using the washroom

    Eating raw or undercooked seafood and shellfish that lived in sewage-polluted water

    Eating salads or produce rinsed in contaminated water

    Drinking contaminated water or drinks with contaminated ice

    Bathing, showering, or swimming in contaminated water

    Also Check: If My Husband Has Hepatitis C Will I Get It

    Summary Of Hep C Facts

    • It is a blood borne virus
    • It affects the liver
    • It can be spread through sharing injecting equipment
    • Never share toothbrushes, razors or other personal items
    • It can survive in blood outside the body
    • 1 in 4 infected will clear the virus themselves
    • There is treatment available which can help
    • You can catch it more than once

    Can I Breastfeed My Baby If I Have Viral Hepatitis

    Hepatitis E: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

    Yes, you can breastfeed your baby if you have viral hepatitis. You cannot pass viral hepatitis through breastmilk.

    But, if you have hepatitis C and your nipple or the surrounding skin is cracked or bleeding, stop nursing your baby on that breast until the sores heal. You can pump or hand-express your milk from that breast until it heals. Throw any breastmilk from that breast away, because it might have been contaminated with hepatitis C from the cracked or bleeding skin.

    Pumping the breast that is cracked or bleeding will help keep up your milk supply and prevent the breast from getting overly full and painful. You can feed your baby your milk from your healthy breast.24

    Read Also: Does Hepatitis C Cause Cirrhosis Of The Liver

    You May Like: Is Hepatitis C Curable Or Treatable

    Popular Articles
    Related news