Friday, December 2, 2022

Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Reactive Espaol

Anlisis De Sangre Para Detectar La Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B Titer – Hep B Surface Antibody Test Results Overview

¿Existe una prueba de sangre para diagnosticar la hepatitis B?

Existe una prueba de sangre sencilla para diagnosticar la hepatitis B que su médico o clínica de salud pueden ordenar llamada “serie de pruebas de sangre de la hepatitis B”. Esta muestra de sangre se toma en el consultorio del médico.

Son 3 las pruebas que conforman la serie de pruebas de sangre. A veces el médico puede pedirle que se realice otro análisis de sangre, seis meses después de su primera consulta, para confirmar el estado de su hepatitis B. Si cree que recientemente se ha infectado con hepatitis B, pueden pasar hasta 9 semanas antes de que el virus se detecte en su sangre.

Comprender los resultados de las pruebas de sangre de hepatitis B puede ser confuso, por lo que querrá estar seguro de su diagnóstico. ¿Se infectó de hepatitis B, se recuperó de una infección por hepatitis B o tiene una infección crónica por hepatitis B?

Además, es útil si solicita una copia por escrito de sus pruebas de sangre, de modo que pueda comprender completamente cuáles pruebas son positivas o negativas.

¿Cuáles son las tres pruebas que conforman la “serie de pruebas de sangre de la hepatitis B”?

La serie de pruebas de sangre de la hepatitis B requiere solo una muestra de sangre, pero incluye tres pruebas necesarias para obtener un diagnóstico final:

  • HBsAg
  • HBsAb o anti-HBs
  • HBcAb o anti-HBc

¿Qué es el antígeno de superficie del virus de la hepatitis B ?

¿Qué es el anticuerpo de superficie del virus de la hepatitis B ?

Question 2 What Is The Hepatitis B Surface Antibody

The hepatitis B surface antibody is the antibody that is produced in response to hepatitis B surface antigen , a protein present on the surface of the hepatitis B virus. Anti-HBs appears after convalescence from acute infection and lasts for many years. It can also be produced in response to hepatitis B vaccination.

Other hepatitis B antibodies are not produced in response to vaccination. This is because these antigens are not in the vaccine.

An Interesting Case Of Isolated False

He S. Yang

1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA

2Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA

Abstract

1. Introduction

Here, we report a case of a female patient with persistent isolated HBsAg positivity with a lack of symptoms, other serological markers, risk factors, or vaccination to explain the positivity, highly suggestive of a false-positive result requiring thorough investigation to evaluate potential interferences.

2. Case Report

Upon further review of the patients history, no recognized, self-reported risk factors for viral hepatitis including unprotected sex, blood transfusions, tattoos, or intravenous drug abuse were reported. Furthermore, the patient denied personal or family history of liver disease or jaundice. Physical examination did not reveal stigmata of liver disease. Considering the patients low risk for blood-borne infections, it was suspected that the HBsAg and HIV screening results might be false positives due to an unknown interference with the analytical assays.

The patient was retested 3 months after her Mohs surgery. The HBsAg and HIV screening tests remained positive. This study has been approved by the institutional review board of Weill Cornell Medicine.

3. Discussion

Data Availability

Conflicts of Interest

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Question 7 Is Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Antibody Always Acquired After A Completed Vaccination Protocol

No. After 3 intramuscular doses of vaccine, > 90% of healthy adults and > 95% of those < 19 years of age develop immunity .1 However, there is an age-specific decline in development of immunity. After age 40 years, about 90% of people become immune, but by age 60 years, only 75% of people become immune.1 Larger vaccine doses or an increased number of doses are required to induce immunity in many hemodialysis patients and in other immunocompromised people.1

References

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hepatitis B. . Accessed May 30, 2013.
  • Ganem D, Prince AM. Hepatitis B virus infectionnatural history and clinical consequences. N Engl J Med. 2004 350:1118-1129.
  • This FAQ is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice. A clinicians test selection and interpretation, diagnosis, and patient management decisions should be based on his/her education, clinical expertise, and assessment of the patient.Document FAQS.105 Revision: 0

    Quest, Quest Diagnostics, the associated logo, Nichols Institute, and all associated Quest Diagnostics marks are the registered trademarks of Quest Diagnostics. All third-party marks®’ and ‘are the property of their respective owners. © 2000- 2021 Quest Diagnostics Incorporated. All rights reserved.Image content features models and is intended for illustrative purposes only.

    What Does A High Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Mean

    Hepatitis B surface antigen information

    Hepatitis B surface antigen : A protein on the surface of hepatitis B virus it can be detected in high levels in serum during acute or chronic hepatitis B virus infection. The presence of HBsAg indicates that the person is infectious. The body normally produces antibodies to HBsAg as part of the normal immune response to infection.

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    Hepatitis B Risk Factors Include:

    • Being born to mothers infected with hep B
    • Being born or traveling in countries where hep B is common
    • Exposure to blood on the job, such as health care workers
    • Having sexual partners with hep B
    • Coming into contact with infected bodily fluids
    • Sharing needles, syringes, or other drug-injection equipment
    • Sharing items such as razors or toothbrushes with an infected person
    • Being born in the US, not vaccinated as an infant, and having parents born in high-risk countries
    • Living or lived with a partner who has chronic hep B
    • Having had a tattoo or body piercing with unsterilized tools

    Who Is At Risk For Hepatitis B

    Anyone can get hepatitis B, but the risk is higher in:

    • Infants born to mothers who have hepatitis B
    • People who inject drugs or share needles, syringes, and other types of drug equipment
    • Sex partners of people with hepatitis B, especially if they are not using latex or polyurethane condoms during sex
    • Men who have sex with men
    • People who live with someone who has hepatitis B, especially if they use the same razor, toothbrush, or nail clippers
    • Health care and public-safety workers who are exposed to blood on the job

    If you have chronic hepatitis B, you may not have symptoms until complications develop. This could be decades after you were infected. For this reason, hepatitis B screening is important, even if you have no symptoms. Screening means that you are tested for a disease even though you don’t have symptoms. If you are at high risk, your health care provider may suggest screening.

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    What Does Hepatitis A Ab Total Reactive Mean

    Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!

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    Hbv Dna Hbv Genotype And Hbv Drug Resistance Assays

    Hepatitis b antibody | HbsAb test | hepatitis b symptoms

    Specimen: Serum or plasma

    Container: Red-top tube, yellow-top tube , gel-barrier tube, plasma preparation tube, or lavender tube

    Collection method: Routine venipuncture

    The specimen should be transfused to separate plasma/serum from cells within 6 hours and kept frozen when testing cannot be done promptly.

    The tests use PCR amplification, DNA probe hybridization, and sequencing method.

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    Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Ql Reactive

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    HealthTap doctors are based in the U.S., board certified, and available by text or video.

    Negative But Other Hepatitis Tests Are Positive

    Your HBsAb test may be negative even when other hepatitis B tests are positive, showing active or chronic infection. Further testing is necessary, especially for the hepatitis B surface antigen , which shows that the virus itself is circulating in your bloodstream and that you have an active or chronic infection.

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    Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Blood Test Qualitative

    The Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Blood Test, Qualitative is useful in the detection of previous exposure to HBV.

    Also Known As: Anti-HBs, Antibody to Hepatitis B Surface Antigen, HBsAB, Hepatitis Bs Antibody.

    Methodology: Immunochemiluminometric assay

    Preparation: No special preparation required.

    Test Results: 2-3 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

    Also Known As: Anti-HBs, Antibody to Hepatitis B Surface Antigen, HBsAB, Hepatitis Bs Antibody.

    Methodology: Immunoassay

    Preparation: No special preparation required.

    Test Results: 2-3 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

    What Is Hepatitis B

    Positive hepatitis B surface antigen tests due to recent ...

    Hepatitis B is a type of viral hepatitis. It can cause an acute or chronic infection. People with an acute infection usually get better on their own without treatment. Some people with chronic hepatitis B will need treatment.

    Thanks to a vaccine, hepatitis B is not very common in the United States. It is more common in certain parts of the world, such as sub-Saharan Africa and parts of Asia.

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    Hepatitis B Blood Tests

    The Hepatitis B Panel of Blood Tests

    Only one sample of blood is needed for a hepatitis B blood test, but the Hepatitis B Panel includes three parts. All three test results are needed to fully understand whether a person is infected or not. Below is an explanation of the 3-part Hepatitis B Panel of blood test results.

  • HBsAg – A “positive” or “reactive” HBsAg test result means that the person is infected with hepatitis B. This test can detect the actual presence of the hepatitis B virus in your blood. If a person tests positive, then further testing is needed to determine if this is a new acute infection or a chronic hepatitis B infection. A positive HBsAg test result means that you are infected and can spread the hepatitis B virus to others through your blood.
  • anti-HBs or HBsAb – A “positive” or “reactive” anti-HBs test result indicates that a person is protected against the hepatitis B virus. This protection can be the result of receiving the hepatitis B vaccine or successfully recovering from a past hepatitis B infection. This test is not routinely included in blood bank screenings. A positive anti-HBs test result means you are immune and protected against the hepatitis B virus and cannot be infected. You are not infected and cannot spread hepatitis B to others.
  • Question 3 How Is The Quantitative Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Test Performed

    An immunometric technique is used. The anti-HBs binds to HBsAg ad and ay subtypes, which are coated on the test wells. Binding of a horseradish peroxidase-labeled HBsAg conjugate to the anti-HBs completes the sandwich formation. Unbound materials are then washed away. In the next step, the horseradish peroxidase catalyzes oxidation of a luminogenic substrate, producing light. Light signals are detected and quantified. Intensity of the light is proportional to the amount of anti-HBs present in the patient sample. The result is standardized to an international unit system and reported as milliinternational units per milliliter .

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    What Is The Normal Range For Hep B Antibody

    Reference Range. For example, a hepatitis B surface antigen level of less than 1 s/c is considered negative, while a level more than 5 s/c is considered positive. Any value between 1 and 5 s/c is indeterminate and should be repeated. For hepatitis B surface antibody , a level less than 5 mIU is considered negative,

    Transmission Symptoms And Treatment

    HbsAg Test | What is Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

    How is HBV transmitted?

    HBV is transmitted through activities that involve percutaneous or mucosal contact with infectious blood or body fluids , including

    • sex with an infected partner
    • injection-drug use that involves sharing needles, syringes, or drug-preparation equipment
    • birth to an infected mother
    • contact with blood from or open sores on an infected person
    • exposures to needle sticks or sharp instruments and
    • sharing certain items with an infected person that can break the skin or mucous membranes , potentially resulting in exposure to blood.

    How long does HBV survive outside the body?

    HBV can survive outside the body and remains infectious for at least 7 days .

    What should be used to clean environmental surfaces potentially contaminated with HBV?

    Any blood spills should be disinfected using a 1:10 dilution of one part household bleach to 10 parts of water. Gloves should be worn when cleaning up any blood spills.

    Who is at risk for HBV infection?

    The following populations are at increased risk for becoming infected with HBV:

    • Infants born to infected mothers
    • Sex partners of infected people
    • Men who have sex with men
    • People who inject drugs
    • Household contacts or sexual partners of known people with chronic HBV infection
    • Health-care and public-safety workers at risk for occupational exposure to blood or blood-contaminated body fluids
    • Hemodialysis patients

    Who should be screened for HBV?

    CDC recommends that the following people be screened for HBV :

    • fever,

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    Question 5 What Is The Natural History Of Hepatitis B Surface Antibody During Acute Hepatitis B Infection And Convalescence

    HBsAg can be detected in the blood 4 to 10 weeks after exposure. This corresponds to onset of symptoms and viremia detectable by nucleic acid amplification methods. Most hepatitis B infections are self-limited and are associated with disappearance of HBsAg within 4 weeks of onset of symptoms. The anti-HBs then appears and increases to a plateau level that persists indefinitely.2

    What Other Problems Can Hepatitis B Cause

    In rare cases, acute hepatitis B can cause liver failure.

    Chronic hepatitis B can develop into a serious disease that causes long-term health problems such as cirrhosis , liver cancer, and liver failure.

    If you have ever had hepatitis B, the virus may become active again, or reactivated, later in life. This could start to damage the liver and cause symptoms.

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    Question 1 What Is The Clinical Indication For Hepatitis B Surface Antibody Quantitation

    Hepatitis B surface antibody quantitation is used to determine hepatitis B immune status, ie, to determine if the patient has developed immunity against the hepatitis B virus. Such immunity may develop following exposure to the hepatitis B virus or its vaccine.

    Patients at higher risk of exposure to the virus include:

    • Infants born to infected mothers
    • Sex partners of infected persons
    • People with more than 1 sex partner in the last 6 months
    • People with a history of sexually transmitted infection
    • Men who have sex with men
    • Injection drug users
    • Household contacts of an infected person
    • Healthcare and safety workers who have contact with blood and body fluids
    • People who have lived or traveled in an area in which hepatitis B is common
    • People who live or work in a prison

    Testing is not recommended routinely following vaccination. It is advised only for people whose subsequent clinical management depends on knowledge of their immune status. These people include:

    • Chronic hemodialysis patients
    • Immunocompromised people, including those with HIV infection, hematopoietic stem-cell transplant recipients, and people receiving chemotherapy
    • Infants born to women who test positive for the hepatitis B surface antigen
    • Sex partners of people who test positive for the hepatitis B surface antigen
    • Healthcare and public safety workers who have contact with blood or body fluids

    Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

    Hepatitis B Surface Antigens  Australia Antigen  HBsAg

    You may this test your healthcare suspects you have liver infection by HBV. You may need this test you symptoms of hepatitis B. Symptoms usually start slowly. Many people have no or only feel they have a mild of flu. You may not have symptoms the is chronic or severe. The most symptom extreme tiredness. Other symptoms may include: loss of appetite, muscle Fever, Jaundice, or yellow skin and eyes, colored urine, pain, swelling and confusion. This is in extreme cases. You may also take this if you a history that put you at of being in contact with viruses factors for hepatitis B infection having sex with infected with the virus in close contact someone who has the Being man who has sex man Being child born to mother has virus needles intravenous, or IV, drug use Working a healthcare center where you are to Getting blood transfusion or organ transplant. This is with active screening. You may also have test several if you ‘ve already diagnosed with hepatitis B, to whether your infection getting better.

    * Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

    * Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

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    Screening And Management Of Hepatitis B Virus Before The First Rituximab Infusion: We Must Do Better

    Virginie Masse, Ahmad Al Jijakli, Philippe Genet, Théodora Guerekobaya, Laurence Courdavault, Fréderique Plassart, Driss Chaoui, Laurent Sutton Screening and Management of Hepatitis B Virus before the First Rituximab Infusion: We Must Do Better!. Blood 2014 124 : 2754. doi:

    Understanding Your Test Results

    Understanding your hepatitis B blood tests can be confusing. It is important to talk to your health care provider so you understand your test results and your hepatitis B status. Are you infected? Protected? Or at risk? The Hepatitis B Panel of blood tests includes 3 tests and all three results must be known in order to confirm your status.

    Below is a chart with the most common explanation of the test results, but unusual test results can occur. Please note that this chart is not intended as medical advice, so be sure to talk to your health care provider for a full explanation and obtain a printed copy of your test results. In some cases, a person could be referred to a liver specialist for further evaluation.

    More Detailed Information About Hepatitis B Blood Tests

    An acute hepatitis B infection follows a relatively long incubation period – from 60 to 150 days with an average of 90 days. It can take up to six months, however, for a person to get rid of the hepatitis B virus. And it can take up to six months for a hepatitis B blood test to show whether as person has recovered from an acute infection or has become chronically infected .

    The following graphic from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention represents the typical course of an acute hepatitis B infection from first exposure to recovery.

    According to the CDC, a hepatitis B blood test result varies depending on whether the infection is a new acute infection or a chronic infection.

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