Consent Form For Blood Donation For Medical Research
If you agree to participate in a blood research project, you must sign a consent form. The exact content of the form will vary between projects, but it may be a statement that includes details such as:
- An understanding of the aims of the research project .
- You are willing to donate the required amount of blood.
- The blood donation procedure and any side effects .
- The blood will be used purely for research, not for transfusion or any other medical purpose.
- All information you provide is confidential.
- Participation is voluntary and you can change your mind at any stage.
Age And Gender Of Blood Donors
Data about the gender profile of blood donors show that globally 33% of blood donations are given by women, although this ranges widely. In 15 of the 113 reporting countries, less than 10% of donations are given by female donors.
The age profile of blood donors shows that, proportionally, more young people donate blood in low- and middle-income countries than in high-income countries. Demographic information of blood donors is important for formulating and monitoring recruitment strategies.
Is Donating Plasma Safe
Yes, throughout the years of donating plasma, it is guaranteed safe to do so. Research results also show and prove that giving out some of your plasma is safe, and to back this up, the National Institutes of Health affirms that there is no risk in doing the process.
The idea of donating your own plasma is already a big deal, and considering the vast paces of medical technology, it is hard to keep up and easily give up your own blood components.
Donating is good. Blood plasma is in demand right now for many purposes. One of them is for modern medical therapies such as treatments for immune system conditions, bleeding, and respiratory disorders, as well as blood transfusions and also wound healing.
Plasma donation is essential to collect enough plasma for medical treatments. The process of donating plasma is safe. Even so, there are side effects to be expected.
Plasma is a component of your blood, and to donate plasma, blood is drawn from your body and processed via a machine that filters and collects the plasma. The other blood components, such as the red blood cells, are returned to your body mixed with saline to replace the extracted plasma.
Donating plasma can cause minor side effects like dehydration and fatigue, though there are serious side effects that occur as well. However, it rarely happens.
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If You Have Hepatitis C Can You Have Sex Without Infecting Your Partner
Hepatitis C is a virus that is transmitted by blood. The most common ways people become infected with hepatitis C are through needle sharing, such as during injection drug use, or from blood transfusions received before 1992.
Becoming infected from sex is not common, but it does happen. If you have hepatitis C, the chance of infecting a sex partner is higher if you are with a new partner or if you have had many different partners over time. If you have hepatitis C, the chance of infecting a sex partner is lower if you are with a longtime stable partner and if you are in a monogamous relationship.
If your sex partner is new to you, or if you have many different partners, it is safer if you use condoms during sex to reduce the chance of transmitting hepatitis C.
It is always best to talk directly with your health care provider to assess whether you should start using condoms. If you are in a sexual relationship and either you or your partner has hepatitis C, the other partner should be tested for hepatitis C and other sexually transmitted viruses once a year, or as advised by your provider.
Is It Possible To Donate Blood After Having Hepatitis B
Is it possible to donate blood after having hepatitis B?Josh*
Hepatitis B is one of the viruses that cause hepatitis, which is an inflammation of the liver that also can be caused by medication, drugs, alcohol, or actual physical injury to the liver. One of the ways people become infected with the hepatitis B virus is through blood.
People who have been infected with hepatitis B at some point may carry the virus without even knowing it. They can pass hepatitis B to others through blood or sexual contact. Because of this, a person who has tested positive for hepatitis B at any point in his or her lifetime isnt allowed to donate blood.
Its not just hepatitis B that affects eligibility to donate blood. Other types of viral hepatitis, HIV, and some other infections can affect that persons ability to give blood.
Date reviewed: June 2013
* Names have been changed to protect user privacy.
Note: All information on KidsHealth is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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Are There Supplements That Are Bad For My Liver
Taking too many vitamin and mineral supplements may do more harm than good to a damaged liver.
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Can The Results Of Liver Panel Tests Point To The Presence Of Hepatitis C
A liver panel usually includes tests called AST, ALT, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, and some others. Abnormal results could show up in many different conditions, not just hepatitis C. And even if the results of a liver panel are normal, you might still have hepatitis C. So, the liver panel alone cannot tell your provider the answer.
Hepatitis C can be diagnosed only by blood tests that are specific to hepatitis C:
In short, if the results of one or more tests on a liver panel are abnormal, generally speaking, the tests should be repeated and confirmed. If the results remain abnormal, your provider should be prompted to look for the cause.
More important than using the liver panel, if you have risks of having been infected with hepatitis C then you should have the specific hepatitis C antibody test to determine if you have hepatitis C infection.
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If I Have Hepatitis C Infection Does This Mean I Am Going To Have Other Health Problems
Hepatitis C can cause scarring of the liver leading to cirrhosis and liver cancer. Other conditions have also been linked to hepatitis C and are known as extra-hepatic manifestations of hepatitis C. They include diabetes mellitus, arthritis, hypothyroid, and aplastic anemia among other conditions. Talk to your provider for more information.
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Explanation Of Test Results:
If this test result is positive, it means your body was exposed to the hepatitis C virus and made antibodies . However, it does not tell you whether you are still infected with hepatitis C. If the antibody test result is positive, you should be tested for hepatitis C RNA , which determines whether you are chronically infected. The lab will perform this RNA test automatically if your hepatitis C antibody test is positive.
If the antibody test result is negative, it means you have not been infected with the hepatitis C virus, and further testing for hepatitis C usually is not needed.
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Attention Hepatitis B Patients
If you have recently been diagnosed with Hepatitis B within the last 2-3 weeks and are currently experiencing some of the symptoms found below you may have an opportunity to receive up to $1000 per week for participating in our Plasma Donation Program.
Timing is critical. Please contact us immediately.
Who Might Have To Wait To Donate Plasma
There are some health, travel and lifestyle reasons that may stop you from being able to donate plasma on a temporary basis.
If you are not sure if you can donate, please call us on 0300 123 23 23 to discuss your situation.
If you are a blood donor you can give plasma 4 weeks after your last blood donation. You will have to stop donating blood while you give plasma.
Please wait 48 hours from your vaccine before donating .
- has received money or drugs for sex
- has injected non-prescribed drugs including body-building and injectable tanning agents
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What Are The Requirements For Donating Plasma
Now that you have an idea as to where plasma is used, its time to know the requirements to qualify for donating plasma. Plasma donation requirements will vary from place to place.
There are places that have different age brackets for donors, and some places may not accept donations from people who have gotten a tattoo recently.
Typically, if you want to donate blood, youll have to:
- Weight at least 110 pounds. The weight is important, and this is to know how much plasma you can donate.
- Anyone aged between 16 years and 69 years old can donate blood. But in some places, they require donors to be older than 19 years. While other centers do not accept age more than 66 years old.
- Donors are expected to be in good health so that they will feel well and able to perform everyday activities even after donating.
- Also, youll have to be clear of particular health conditions, diseases, and viruses, like HIV.
Lastly, donation centers will not take any donations from you if you have ear or body piercings, tattoos, or permanent makeup done during the past 12 months.
As mentioned above, requirements will vary from center to center. Better make sure that you are reading the requirements from your local center if you want to donate blood and other blood components.
If you have problems with the list of requirements, you may contact the center you plan to donate to.
Payment For Plasma Raises Ethical Issues
An Ontario-based company is now compensating donors for plasma, giving rise to a divide in the medical community about the safety and ethics of paying for blood.
Canadian Plasma Resources is waiting on licence approval from Health Canada, but is already paying plasma donors in a pilot phase thats been approved by Institutional Review Board Services, according to CEO Barzin Bahardoust. The company has paid about 100 donors, so it can do quality testing and train staff at a site in downtown Toronto. There are plans to open another Toronto site as well as one in Hamilton, Ontario.
The Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Hemophilia Ontario, individual doctors and victims of tainted blood have expressed concern that paying for plasma poses risk to recipients and donors.
On July 22, Ontarios newly reelected Liberal government introduced a bill that would ban paying donors. Approval seems likely, given the Liberals hold a majority.
Those who oppose paying donors often cite the 1997 report from the Commission on the Blood System in Canada, which recommended that all blood and blood product donation be publicly administered and voluntarily donated after 1000 individuals contracted HIV and 33 000 contracted hepatitis C from blood products given by improperly screened donors.
But Canadian Blood Services and Health Canada say plasma from compensated donors, which is used for pharmaceutical therapies made from plasma protein not for direct transfusion, is safe.
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National Blood Policy And Organization
Blood transfusion saves lives and improves health, but many patients requiring transfusion do not have timely access to safe blood. Providing safe and adequate blood should be an integral part of every countrys national health care policy and infrastructure.
WHO recommends that all activities related to blood collection, testing, processing, storage and distribution be coordinated at the national level through effective organization and integrated blood supply networks. The national blood system should be governed by national blood policy and legislative framework to promote uniform implementation of standards and consistency in the quality and safety of blood and blood products.
In 2018, 73 % of reporting countries, or 125 out of 171, had a national blood policy. Overall, 66% of reporting countries, or 113 out of 171, have specific legislation covering the safety and quality of blood transfusion, including:
- 79% of high-income countries
- 39% of low-income countries.
Do You Get Paid Every Time You Donate Plasma
Not all plasma donors get paid. If you go to the American Red Cross, the agency wont pay you, but you can find private companies that compensate plasma donors.
The explanation behind the distinction is ethical. Plasma from the American Red Cross is usually used for hospital patient transfusions. Meanwhile, private companies break down the plasma into different components for pharmaceutical use.
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What Other Conditions Does Blood Screening Identify
donate organs to people who do not have these antibodies.
Before this, organ transplants from people with HCV were allowed, but under the label of increased risk. In 2017, the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network reported that doctors were less likely to use organs from increased risk donors.
The OPTN added that this is likely based on a misconception of what the term means, as studies have shown that people who receive organs from increased risk donors have equal or better post-graft survival rates than those with non-increased risk transplants.
The new stress the continuing importance of testing, informed consent from the recipient, and follow-up tests to determine the HCV status of the recipient after transplant.
Plasma Makes The Everyday Life A Little Safer: Hemophilia
People who suffer from hemophilia lack a protein that helps to control bleeding. For these people, ordinary cuts in the skin can be dangerous. Protiens extracted from plasma like yours are used to make medicines that help the blood of people with hemophilia form clots. It takes 1,200 donations to make a years supply of medication for just one patient.
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Survey Design And Data Collection
The dataset for this study consists of a three-wave census-type household survey in 26 randomly selected villages in rural western Chinas Guizhou province . Guizhou is one of the poorest provinces in China, while per capita GDP and other main socioeconomic indicators in our surveyed villages are close to the median level in Guizhou . More than 20 ethnic groups live there, including Miao, Buyi, Gelao, and Yi that in total comprise about 20 percent of the population, and the major Han group accounts for the rest 80 percent of population. All 802 households in 2005, 833 households in 2007, and 872 households in 2010 were interviewed, respectively. Due to the census feature of our survey, the growing number of households surveyed over time reflects the natural increase of households in these 26 villages. All the participants in this study provided their written informed consent to participate in this study. All the data used in this study has been anonymized. The survey design, implementation, the result estimations of this study, and potential ethics issues were approved by the IRB for Human Participants in the Office of Research Integrity and Assurance at Cornell University. The Protocol ID number is 0905000392, and the approved project is entitled Blood Donation, Status Seeking and Health Outcomes.
Table 1 Income, poverty, income inequality and plasma donation compensation
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Plasma Helps Protect Our Smallest: Rh Deficiency Syndrome
Antibodies in the blood can be used to make anti-D immunoglobulin. This is given to Rh-negative mothers during and immediately after pregnancy, preventing thousands of infant deaths due to Rh incompatibility every year. When you donate at certain centers, your plasma is evaluated to see if you qualify as a specialty donor to help make the anti-D treatment.
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How Do Doctors Treat Hepatitis A
Treatment includes resting, drinking plenty of liquids, and eating healthy foods to help relieve symptoms. Your doctor may also suggest medicines to help relieve symptoms.
Talk with your doctor before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines, vitamins or other dietary supplements, or complementary or alternative medicinesany of these could damage your liver. You should avoid alcohol until your doctor tells you that you have completely recovered from hepatitis A.
See your doctor regularly to make sure your body has fully recovered. If you have symptoms for longer than 6 months, see your doctor again.
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How To Donate Plasma
Expect the plasma donation process to take 1 to 2 hours. If its your first time at the donation center, the initial paperwork and health screening may take longer. Depending on how fast the blood draw occurs, the actual donation part takes roughly an hour.
To donate, make an appointment at a reputable plasma donation center. If you arent sure where to go, check with your doctor or a local hospital for recommendations. Currently, there are more than 700 licensed and certified plasma collection centers in the US and Europe Licensing means that your donation will be executed by a trained medical professional in a highly controlled, sterile environment.
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